Carla Calcagnoto Appel

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Although it is currently known that sleep can influence epilepsy and epilepsy can influence sleep organization, few data have been published on this mutual interaction concerning the pediatric population. The objective of this study was to verify the eventual presence of sleep alterations in children with partial refractory epilepsy. Seventeen patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Excessive ingestion of caffeine can induce hypokalemia, which affects the neuromuscular system and can lead to paralysis. CASE A 24-year-old woman, gravida 3, para 2-0-0-2 at 33 weeks' gestation presented with muscular paralysis and hypokalemia secondary to drinking 6 to 7 L of cola per day with little other oral intake. After potassium(More)
Apparent life-threatening episodes (ALTE) can be the first manifestation of an epileptic seizure in children. However, the diagnosis of ALTE is generally delayed because the interictal EEG often appears normal and the presence of gastroesophageal reflux may mislead the diagnosis of the epileptic manifestation. We report 6 children with epilepsy who(More)
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