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The human adenovirus E1B gene encodes a 55-kilodalton protein that inactivates the cellular tumor suppressor protein p53. Here it is shown that a mutant adenovirus that does not express this viral protein can replicate in and lyse p53-deficient human tumor cells but not cells with functional p53. Ectopic expression of the 55-kilodalton EIB protein in the(More)
ONYX-015 is an adenovirus with the E1B 55-kDa gene deleted, engineered to selectively replicate in and lyse p53-deficient cancer cells while sparing normal cells. Although ONYX-015 and chemotherapy have demonstrated anti-tumoral activity in patients with recurrent head and neck cancer, disease recurs rapidly with either therapy alone. We undertook a phase(More)
The 55-kilodalton (kDa) protein from the E1B-region of adenovirus binds to and inactivates the p53 gene, which is mutated in half of human cancers. We have previously shown that the replication and cytopathogenicity of an E1B, 55-kDa gene-attenuated adenovirus, ONYX-015, is blocked by functional p53 in RKO and U20S carcinoma lines. We now report that normal(More)
Replication-selective oncolytic viruses constitute a rapidly evolving and new treatment platform for cancer. Gene-deleted viruses have been engineered for tumor selectivity, but these gene deletions also reduce the anti-cancer potency of the viruses. We have identified an E1A mutant adenovirus, dl922-947, that replicates in and lyses a broad range of cancer(More)
An E1B 55 kDa gene-deleted adenovirus, Onyx-015, which reportedly selectively replicates in and lyses p53-deficient cells, was administered by a single intratumoral injection to a total of 22 patients with recurrent head and neck cancer. The objectives of this Phase I study were to determine the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of this therapy and(More)
BACKGROUND The cytidine nucleoside analogs azacitidine (AZA) and decitabine (DAC) are used for the treatment of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Few non-clinical studies have directly compared the mechanisms of action of these agents in a head-to-head fashion, and the agents are often viewed as mechanistically(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the therapeutic and biological effects of CHIR-258, an orally bioavailable, potent inhibitor of class III-V receptor tyrosine kinases, in colon cancer models. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The pharmacologic activity of CHIR-258 was characterized by monitoring target modulation as well as by evaluating the antitumor and antiangiogenic effects in(More)
The t(4;14) translocation that occurs uniquely in a subset (15%) of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) results in the ectopic expression of the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK), fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3). Inhibition of activated FGFR3 in MM cells induces apoptosis, validating FGFR3 as a therapeutic target in t(4;14) MM and encouraging the(More)
Overexpression of fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) is a hallmark of t(4;14) multiple myeloma (MM). To dissect the mechanism of FGFR3 oncogenesis in MM, we used 3 FGFR selective kinase inhibitors-CHIR258, PD173074, and SU5402-and FGFR3-specific siRNA to modulate FGFR3 activity. Conversely, the ligand FGF was used to stimulate FGFR3 function in(More)
Durable responses with lenalidomide monotherapy have been reported in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma. In relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), higher responses were observed in the activated B-cell-like (ABC) subtype than in the germinal centre B-cell-like subtype. Herein, the molecular mechanisms involved in the differential(More)