Carla Boutin-Foster

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Failing to retain an adequate number of study participants in behavioral intervention trials poses a threat to interpretation of study results and its external validity. This qualitative investigation describes the retention strategies promoted by the recruitment and retention committee of the Behavior Change Consortium, a group of 15 university-based sites(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this pilot study were to determine the incidence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) one to two months after Myocardial Infarction (MI), and to evaluate potential predictors of PTSD symptoms post-MI. METHODS A convenience sample of 31 patients hospitalized for treatment of acute MI was interviewed during hospitalization(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies have documented that among patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), depressive symptoms are more common in women than in men. The objective of this study was to determine if this disparity was explained by gender differences in stressful life events and in perceived social support. METHODS This was a cross-sectional study(More)
BACKGROUND Poor adherence explains poor blood pressure (BP) control; however African Americans suffer worse hypertension-related outcomes. METHODS This randomized controlled trial evaluated whether a patient education intervention enhanced with positive-affect induction and self-affirmation (PA) was more effective than patient education (PE) alone in(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective was to elicit patients' perceptions regarding the meaning of hypertension and to identify the personal, social, and environmental factors that might influence their perceptions. DESIGN Qualitative study. SETTING Adult ambulatory care practice PARTICIPANTS African American patients with uncontrolled hypertension. (More)
Patients who have been relieved of cardiac symptoms following angioplasty may not be sufficiently motivated to initiate behavior changes that can reduce risk of subsequent cardiac events. Finding an effective means to help patients modify their behavior thus presents a unique challenge. This paper describes an innovative behavioral intervention whose(More)
PURPOSE This study evaluates the types of instrumental social support that are perceived by patients with coronary artery disease as being most helpful to health behavior modification. METHODS A purposive sample of 63 patients with coronary artery disease were enrolled in this qualitative study. Patients described lifestyle changes that they made in an(More)
OBJECTIVE Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is prevalent among low-income minorities and is associated with poorer health. However, the association between PTSD and hemoglobin A1(C) (A1(C)) among patients with diabetes has not been fully described. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate associations between PTSD and A1(C) among(More)
African-Americans are disproportionately impacted by cardiovascular disease (CVD). Faith-based institutions provide a non-traditional route for health education targeted at African-Americans. This paper describes HeartSmarts, a faith-based CVD education program. Evidence-based literature was used to develop a curriculum, which was tailored by integrating(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to identify the types of interactions between asthma patients and their social networks such as close family and friends that influence the management of asthma. METHODS Participants were Latino adults presenting for a repeat visit to the emergency department for asthma treatment. Qualitative interviews were(More)