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L-Aromatic amino acid decarboxylase (dopa decarboxylase; DDC) is a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent homodimeric enzyme that catalyses the decarboxylation of L-dopa and other L-aromatic amino acids. To advance structure-function studies with the enzyme, a cDNA that codes for the protein from pig kidney has been cloned by joining a partial cDNA obtained(More)
The effect of guanidinium chloride (GuCl) on enzyme activity, hydrodynamic volume, circular dichroism, and fluorescence of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (Dopa) decarboxylase from pig kidney (pkDDC) was studied under equilibrium conditions. Unfolding proceeds in at least three stages. The first transition, occurring between 0 and 1 M GuCl, gives rise to a(More)
Human hepatic peroxisomal AGT (alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase) is a PLP (pyridoxal 5'-phosphate)-dependent enzyme whose deficiency causes primary hyperoxaluria Type I, a rare autosomal recessive disorder. To acquire experimental evidence for the physiological function of AGT, the K(eq),(overall) of the reaction, the steady-state kinetic parameters of(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) from Lactobacillus 30a catalyses the cleavage of alpha-methylornithine into ammonia and 2-methyl-1-pyrroline; glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) from Escherichia coli catalyses the cleavage of alpha-methylglutamate into ammonia and laevulinic acid. In our analyses, 2-methyl-1-pyrroline and laevulinic acid were identified by HPLC and(More)
DOPA decarboxylase is responsible for the synthesis of the key neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin via decarboxylation of L-3, 4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) and L-5-hydroxytryptophan, respectively. The crystals of recombinant DOPA decarboxylase differ from those previously reported for the enzyme purified from pig kidney. They belong to space group(More)
To determine whether dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) decarboxylase (DDC) activity in the terminal regions of noradrenergic axons varies with axonal length, we compared the pattern of immunohistochemical staining for DDC in the 'short' terminal nerves of dog vas deferens with that in the 'long' nerves of spleen and atrium. The terminal nerves supplying the(More)
Diethyl pyrocarbonate inhibits pig kidney holo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine decarboxylase with a second-order rate constant of 1170 M-1 min-1 at pH 6.8 and 25 degrees C, showing a concomitant increase in absorbance at 242 nm due to formation of carbethoxyhistidyl derivatives. Activity can be restored by hydroxylamine, and the pH curve of inactivation(More)
We have compared the pattern of neural catecholamine fluorescence with that of immunoreactivity for the catecholamine-synthesizing enzymes tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and DOPA decarboxylase (DDC) in dog atrium, which is innervated by noradrenergic nerves, and in dog kidney, which is thought to be supplied by dopaminergic nerves as well. In both tissues the(More)
Using a technique by which binding sites for two antibodies can be visualized in single tissue sections, we have studied the distribution of neurones containing DOPA decarboxylase-like and dopamine beta-hydroxylase-like immunoreactivity in ganglia of dog sympathetic chain. Three types of neurones could be distinguished: those that contained both enzymes,(More)
Dopa decarboxylase (DDC), a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) enzyme responsible for the biosynthesis of dopamine and serotonin, is involved in Parkinson's disease (PD). PD is a neurodegenerative disease mainly due to a progressive loss of dopamine-producing cells in the midbrain. Co-administration of L-Dopa with peripheral DDC inhibitors (carbidopa or(More)