Carla Bachelet

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We investigated whether allergen-induced eosinophil recruitment into mouse airways modifies the in vivo bronchopulmonary responses to standard agonists, and adaptation of a technique described for larger animals. Swiss, CBA, and IL-5 transgenic mice were immunized with ovalbumin and challenged intranasally after 14 days. Immunization alone was followed by(More)
In order to characterize the response of various pulmonary cell types to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, the expression of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1 and 2B1 mRNA in the lung of rats, with or without induction by 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC), was analyzed by in situ hybridization using appropriate 35S-labeled riboprobes. The expression of the corresponding(More)
Bordetella pertussis expresses factors such as filamentous hemagglutinin, agglutinogens, pertactin, and pertussis toxin, which participate in bacterial adhesion; pertussis toxin, dermonecrotic toxin, lipopolysaccharide, and tracheal cytotoxin, which are responsible for toxic effects; and adenylate cyclase-hemolysin, which is required to initiate infection.(More)
Isolated lungs from guinea pigs actively sensitized to ovalbumin and boosted 2 wk later display an enhanced bronchoconstriction and release larger amounts of secondary mediators as compared with lungs from nonimmunized animals when stimulated by platelet-activating factor or other agonists. We have investigated changes in T lymphocytes and eosinophils found(More)
The rat and guinea pig are widely used in experimental models dealing with immuno allergic bronchoreactivity. The present study was designed to compare the distribution and heterogeneity of the mast cell population in the respiratory tract of the Sprague-Dawley rat and Hartley guinea pig. Mast cells were identified according to the sequential Alcian(More)
AIMS To describe what users with schizophrenia think about the causes of their disorder. METHODS In each of the 10 participating Italian mental health centres, 25 users with schizophrenia were consecutively recruited and asked to complete the Users' Opinions Questionnaire (UOQ). RESULTS 150 out of 198 respondents mentioned at least one social cause for(More)
Although mast cells are sometimes considered to play a minor role in hypersensitivity reactions, we used a histological method to show the modifications in the guinea pig lung mast cell population in the course of such reactions. We sensitized guinea pigs with ovalbumin and studied the effect of the challenge with and without corticosteroid treatment. We(More)
We studied the sequential cellular events that occur during nonspecific pleurisy induced by a nondiffusible, nonantigenic and endotoxin-free irritant, calcium pyrophosphate (CaPP). The study was conducted over 10 days and concerned not only the pleural cavity but also the peritoneal cavity and the blood. After injection of CaPP, the first cellular event in(More)
BACKGROUND Although users' involvement in mental health research has repeatedly been acknowledged as having a positive influence on research quality, this rarely happens. AIMS To develop and validate a Questionnaire on Users' Opinions (QOU) about schizophrenia, in close collaboration with 279 persons affected by this disorder. METHODS A preliminary list(More)