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The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) receptors (InsP3Rs) are a family of Ca2+ release channels localized predominately in the endoplasmic reticulum of all cell types. They function to release Ca2+ into the cytoplasm in response to InsP3 produced by diverse stimuli, generating complex local and global Ca2+ signals that regulate numerous cell(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated the accuracy of contrast-enhanced multidetector spiral computed tomography (MDCT) for the noninvasive detection and classification of coronary plaques and compared it with intracoronary ultrasound (ICUS). BACKGROUND Noninvasive determination of plaque composition and plaque burden may be important to improve risk stratification and(More)
One of the major secreted proteins of human articular chondrocytes in monolayer or explant culture and of synovial fibroblasts is a glycoprotein with an apparent molecular weight of approximately 39,000, referred to as human cartilage glycoprotein-39 (HC gp-39). The protein was purified, and its complete cDNA sequence was determined. It contained an open(More)
To determine the effects of coronary angioplasty on coronary flow reserve (CFR), we studied 32 patients before and immediately after single-vessel coronary angioplasty and 31 patients evaluated late after angioplasty (7.5 +/- 1.2 months, mean +/- SEM). The geometry (percent area stenosis and minimal cross-sectional area) of each lesion was determined by(More)
Members of the Bcl-2 protein family modulate outer mitochondrial membrane permeability to control apoptosis. However, these proteins also localize to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), the functional significance of which is controversial. Here we provide evidence that anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 proteins regulate the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP(3)R)(More)
Members of the Bcl-2 protein family play a central role in the regulation of apoptosis. An interaction between anti-apoptotic Bcl-x(L) and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localized inositol trisphosphate receptor Ca(2+) release channel (InsP(3)R) enables Bcl-x(L) to be fully efficacious as an anti-apoptotic mediator (White, C., Li, C., Yang, J., Petrenko, N.(More)
Aconitase is a member of a family of iron-sulfur-containing (de)hydratases whose activities are modulated in bacteria by superoxide radical (O2-.)-mediated inactivation and iron-dependent reactivation. The inactivation-reactivation of aconitase(s) in cultured mammalian cells was explored since these reactions may impact important and diverse aconitase(More)
The effect of hyperoxia on activity of the superoxide-sensitive citric acid cycle enzyme aconitase was measured in cultured human epithelial-like A549 cells and in rat lungs. Rapid and progressive loss of > 80% of the aconitase activity in A549 cells was seen during a 24-hr exposure to a PO2 of 600 mmHg (1 mmHg = 133 Pa). Inhibition of mitochondrial(More)
This Letter reports results from the MINOS experiment based on its initial exposure to neutrinos from the Fermilab NuMI beam. The rates and energy spectra of charged current nu(mu) interactions are compared in two detectors located along the beam axis at distances of 1 and 735 km. With 1.27 x 10(20) 120 GeV protons incident on the NuMI target, 215 events(More)
Hearts isolated from rats pretreated 24 hr before with endotoxin had increased myocardial catalase activity, but the same superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activities, as hearts from untreated rats. Hearts isolated from rats pretreated with endotoxin 24 hr before also had increased(More)