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The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) receptors (InsP3Rs) are a family of Ca2+ release channels localized predominately in the endoplasmic reticulum of all cell types. They function to release Ca2+ into the cytoplasm in response to InsP3 produced by diverse stimuli, generating complex local and global Ca2+ signals that regulate numerous cell(More)
One of the major secreted proteins of human articular chondrocytes in monolayer or explant culture and of synovial fibroblasts is a glycoprotein with an apparent molecular weight of approximately 39,000, referred to as human cartilage glycoprotein-39 (HC gp-39). The protein was purified, and its complete cDNA sequence was determined. It contained an open(More)
To define the long-term variability of serial coronary flow reserve (CFR) measurements in humans and to evaluate the influence of changes in heart rate, mean arterial pressure, and left ventricular preload on CFR, 45 patients with normal left ventricular function (38 cardiac allograft recipients, five patients with normal coronary arteries, and two patients(More)
It has been speculated that exposure to the chronic stress of racism contributes to the high rates of hypertension among African Americans. Social support may buffer the effects of stress on cardiovascular (CV) health by attenuating stress-induced CV responses that have been linked to hypertension. In this study we investigated the effects of racism and(More)
This Letter reports results from the MINOS experiment based on its initial exposure to neutrinos from the Fermilab NuMI beam. The rates and energy spectra of charged current nu(mu) interactions are compared in two detectors located along the beam axis at distances of 1 and 735 km. With 1.27 x 10(20) 120 GeV protons incident on the NuMI target, 215 events(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated the accuracy of contrast-enhanced multidetector spiral computed tomography (MDCT) for the noninvasive detection and classification of coronary plaques and compared it with intracoronary ultrasound (ICUS). BACKGROUND Noninvasive determination of plaque composition and plaque burden may be important to improve risk stratification and(More)
To determine the effects of coronary angioplasty on coronary flow reserve (CFR), we studied 32 patients before and immediately after single-vessel coronary angioplasty and 31 patients evaluated late after angioplasty (7.5 +/- 1.2 months, mean +/- SEM). The geometry (percent area stenosis and minimal cross-sectional area) of each lesion was determined by(More)
The effect of hyperoxia on activity of the superoxide-sensitive citric acid cycle enzyme aconitase was measured in cultured human epithelial-like A549 cells and in rat lungs. Rapid and progressive loss of > 80% of the aconitase activity in A549 cells was seen during a 24-hr exposure to a PO2 of 600 mmHg (1 mmHg = 133 Pa). Inhibition of mitochondrial(More)
Members of the Bcl-2 protein family modulate outer mitochondrial membrane permeability to control apoptosis. However, these proteins also localize to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), the functional significance of which is controversial. Here we provide evidence that anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 proteins regulate the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP(3)R)(More)
Aconitase is a member of a family of iron-sulfur-containing (de)hydratases whose activities are modulated in bacteria by superoxide radical (O2-.)-mediated inactivation and iron-dependent reactivation. The inactivation-reactivation of aconitase(s) in cultured mammalian cells was explored since these reactions may impact important and diverse aconitase(More)