Carl W Langberg

Learn More
PURPOSE To offer minimized risk-adapted adjuvant treatment on a nationwide basis for patients with clinical stage 1 (CS1) nonseminomatous germ-cell testicular cancer (NSGCT). The aim was to reduce the risk of relapse and thereby reducing the need of later salvage chemotherapy while maintaining a high cure rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS From 1998 to 2005, 745(More)
PURPOSE A binational, population-based treatment protocol was established to prospectively treat and follow patients with seminomatous testicular cancer. The aim was to standardize care for all patients with seminoma to further improve the good results expected for this disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS From 2000 to 2006, a total of 1,384 Norwegian and(More)
BACKGROUND SWENOTECA has since 1998 offered patients with clinical stage I (CS I) nonseminoma, adjuvant chemotherapy with one course of bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin (BEP). The aim has been to reduce the risk of relapse, sparing patients the need of toxic salvage treatment. Initial results on 312 patients treated with one course of adjuvant BEP, with a(More)
BACKGROUND Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) increases survival rates in prostate cancer (PCa) patients with locally advanced disease, but is associated with side effects that may impair daily function. Strength training may counteract several side effects of ADT, such as changes in body composition and physical functioning, which in turn may affect(More)
OBJECTIVES To study overall survival (OS), prognostic factors, and repeated surgery in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). MATERIAL AND METHODS Retrospective study of 516 consecutive adult patients who underwent primary surgery for a GBM in year 2003-2008. RESULTS Median age at primary surgery was 63.7 years (range 18.0-88.0). Median OS was 9.9 months. Age >(More)
BACKGROUND Whether systemic chemotherapy has a negative effect on cognitive function in patients, concern oncologists. In testicular cancer patients (TCPs) treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy, only few cross-sectional studies have addressed this concern. We prospectively studied neuropsychological functioning in TCPs. PATIENTS AND METHODS In a(More)
The molecular and cellular mechanisms that regulate the radiation-induced fibrotic response in the intestine are not known. In addition to increased amounts of connective tissue, inflammatory cell aggregates are often found, especially in conjunction with acute or chronic mucosal ulcerations. These inflammatory cells are a major source of cytokines that(More)
BACKGROUND Brain metastases and primary high-grade gliomas, including glioblastomas multiforme (GBM) and anaplastic astrocytomas (AA), may be indistinguishable by conventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Identification of these tumors may have therapeutic consequences. PURPOSE To assess the value of MR spectroscopy (MRS) using short and intermediate(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has a number of limitations in the diagnosis of the most common intracranial brain tumors, including tumor specification and the detection of tumoral infiltration in regions of peritumoral edema. PURPOSE To prospectively assess if diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) could be used to differentiate(More)
PURPOSE Radiation enteropathy is characterized by sustained increase in transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) immunoreactivity and connective tissue mast cell (CTMC) hyperplasia that may be responsible for progressive fibrosis and lead to clinical complications. We examined to what extent these chronic molecular and cellular phenomena are associated(More)