Carl W Dieffenbach

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Although many interactions between HIV-1 and human proteins have been reported in the scientific literature, no publicly accessible source for efficiently reviewing this information was available. Therefore, a project was initiated in an attempt to catalogue all published interactions between HIV-1 and human proteins. HIV-related articles in PubMed were(More)
As the third decade since AIDS was first recognized comes to an end, extraordinary advances have occurred in the understanding, treatment, and prevention of HIV infection and AIDS. As a result of these successes, it is now time to focus on future challenges. Paramount among these is reaching the goal of truly controlling and ultimately ending the HIV and(More)
The cellular receptor for murine coronavirus mouse hepatitis virus (MHV)-A59 is a member of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) family of glycoproteins in the immunoglobulin superfamily. We isolated a cDNA clone (MHVR1) encoding the MHV receptor. The sequence of this clone predicts a 424-amino-acid glycoprotein with four immunoglobulinlike domains, a(More)
Mouse hepatitis virus-A59 (MHV-A59), a murine coronavirus, can utilize as a cellular receptor MHVR, a murine glycoprotein in the biliary glycoprotein (BGP) subfamily of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) family in the immunoglobulin superfamily (G.S. Dveksler, M. N. Pensiero, C. B. Cardellichio, R. K. Williams, G.-S. Jiang, K. V. Holmes, and C. W.(More)
lic Health Service and the Infectious Diseases Society of America. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2002;51(RR-8):1-46. 7. Benson CA, Kaplan JE, Masur H, Pau A, Holmes KK; CDC; National Institutes of Health; Infectious Diseases Society of America. Treating opportunistic infections among HIV-infected adults and adolescents: recommendations from CDC, the National Institutes(More)
1Division of AIDS, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892; ZDepartment of Molecular Biology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63110; 3Department of Pathology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland 20814 PCR is a technology born of the modern(More)
Monocytes cultured 7 to 10 days in recombinant human macrophage CSF (MCSF) were greater than 400-fold more susceptible to HIV infection than an equal number of cells cultured in medium alone. Levels of reverse transcriptase activity and p24 Ag in culture fluids of monocytes treated with MCSF 1 wk before and continuously after HIV infection were(More)
The need to broaden research directed at answering fundamental questions in HIV vaccine discovery through laboratory, nonhuman primate (NHP), and clinical research has recently been emphasized. In addition, the importance of attracting and retaining young researchers, developing better NHP models, and more closely linking NHP and clinical research is being(More)
As a result of decades of research-driven breakthroughs in basic and clinical science and recent advances in the broad-scale implementation of interventions for the prevention and treatment of infection with HIV, a turning point has been reached in the global HIV-AIDS pandemic. To end the pandemic and achieve the goal of an AIDS-free generation, researchers(More)