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At least one bisaminoacyl-tRNA is synthesized in nature (by Thermus thermophilus phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase), and many disubstituted tRNAs have been prepared in vitro. Such misacylated tRNAs are able to participate in protein synthesis, even though they lack the free 2'-OH group of the 3'-terminal adenosine moiety. Their ready participation in protein(More)
Aromatic difluoroboron β-diketonate complexes (BF2bdks) are classic fluorescent molecules that have been explored as photochemical reagents, two-photon dyes, and oxygen sensors. To gain a better understanding of their emissive properties in both solution and polymer matrices, BF2bdks with varying aromatic groups were synthesized and their photophysical(More)
Enhanced spin-orbit coupling through external heavy-atom effect (EHE) has been routinely used to induce room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) for purely organic molecular materials. Therefore, understanding the nature of EHE, i.e., the specific orbital interactions between the external heavy atom and the luminophore, is of essential importance in molecular(More)
[see reaction]. The Still-Wittig rearrangement gave opposite selectivities for (Z:E)-alkenes in THF (3:1) vs toluene (1:3) in the synthesis of serine-proline dipeptide amide isosteres. Four transition states leading to (Z)-and (E)-alkenes with THF and without (representing toluene) were identified by ab initio calculations at the 3-21G* level. The(More)
Infrared-ultraviolet double resonance spectroscopy has been applied to study the infrared spectra of the supersonically cooled gas phase complexes of formic acid, acetic acid, propionic acid, formamide, and water with 9-hydroxy-9-fluorenecarboxylic acid (9HFCA), an analog of glycolic acid. In these complexes each binding partner to 9HFCA can function as(More)
Aggregation-induced emission (AIE) is an important photophysical phenomenon in molecular materials and has found broad applications in optoelectronics, bioimaging, and chemosensing. Currently, the majority of reported AIE-active molecules are based on either propeller-shaped rotamers or donor-acceptor molecules with strong intramolecular charge-transfer(More)
We use electronic structure modeling, mainly density functional methods, to characterize a variety of long-lived bisaryl triplet carbenes. The bisaryl systems have a triplet ground state, favored by a substantial delocalization of the spin into the aromatic rings. One can imagine two extreme cases of the bonding in these species, representable as valence(More)
A 1,1'-bi-2-naphthol-based macrocyclic compound was found to show large fluorescent enhancement at a greatly red-shifted wavelength in the presence of one equiv. Hg(2+) but not with any other metal ions. This change was visually observable from blue-greenish emission to bright yellow emission. The fluorescence was quenched when more than 2.6 equiv. Hg(2+)(More)
4-propylaniline complexes with one and two argon atoms formed in the molecular beam were studied in the first excited electronic state, S1, using resonance enhanced two-photon ionization spectroscopy and in the cation ground state, D0, using mass analyzed threshold ionization spectroscopy. The combination of electronic and cationic spectra of the clusters(More)