Carl T. Kitchens

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The TVA has long been held in high esteem for its programs designed to reduce malaria mortality and morbidity rates in the Southeast following its establishment in 1933. One reason why the TVA developed the anti malaria programs was that they created large bodies of standing water by damming up the Tennessee River and its tributaries. Given the recent(More)
When private incentives are insufficient, a big push by government may lead to industrialization. This paper uses mobilization for World War II to test the big push hypothesis in the context of postwar industrialization in the American South. Specifically, I investigate the role of new manufacturing capital and find that despite a boom in output during the(More)
Economists have long been interested in the implications of private versus public ownership for the provision of services and consumer prices. Empirically, the challenge is to disentangle the effect of ownership from other determinants of prices. In this paper, we use detailed historical data on retail electricity in the United States to identify the effect(More)
Between the 2009-10 and 2010-11 seasons, the National Football League (NFL) repositioned one of its o cials in order to prevent injuries amongst o cials. This creates a quasi-experiment for studying how a change in the extent of policing a ects detection of o ences. Using play by play data from the 2009-10 and 2010-11 NFL season, I estimate how the(More)
I study the long run impacts of one of the largest regional development projects in American History, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), on a variety of economic outcome variables. Between 1933 and 1967, incomes in the Southeastern United States increased from 45 percent of the national average to 69 percent. Congressional leaders attributed the(More)
Economists have long been interested in the implications of private versus public ownership for the provision of services and consumer prices. Empirically, the challenge is to disentangle the effect of ownership from other determinants of prices. In this paper, we use detailed data on retail electricity in the United States to identify the effect of private(More)
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