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Circulating tumor cell (CTC) is a well-established prognosis predictor for metastatic breast cancer (MBC), and CTC-cluster exhibits significantly higher metastasis-promoting capability than individual CTCs. Because measurement of CTCs and CTC-clusters at a single time point may underestimate their prognostic values, we aimed to analyze longitudinally(More)
Circulating cancer associated macrophage-like cells (CAMLs) have been detected in the peripheral blood of patients with solid tumors including breast cancer. However, the prognostic relevance of CAMLs in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) has not been evaluated. In the present study, we aimed to measure CAMLs and circulating tumor cells (CTCs) at baseline and(More)
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