Carl Stephen Smyth

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Semantic 3D city models describe city entities by objects with thematic and spatial attributes and their interrelationships. Today, more and more cities worldwide are representing their 3D city models according to the CityGML standard issued by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). Various application areas of 3D city models such as urban planning or(More)
Many of us have an intuition that we should be able to extend the technical and commercial success of road navigation in large geographic spaces to smaller spaces such as parks, shopping malls, business estates, airports, train stations, crime scenes, disaster sites, and individual buildings. Designing real applications leads to three key technical and(More)
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