Carl Spetz

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Peru is a centre of origin and domestication of the potato, pepper and tomato (family Solanaceae). Many potyviruses (genus Potyvirus) that infect these crops were described 20-30 years ago. However, definitive classification of these viruses as distinct species remains unresolved for several reasons, including their close serological relationships, similar(More)
An infectious cDNA clone of a Norwegian isolate of Poinsettia mosaic virus (PnMV) was generated. It consisted of 6,098 nucleotides and encoded a polyprotein of 219.5 kDa. Sequence comparisons indicated that this isolate shared 98.6% (nucleotide) and 97.1% (amino acid) identity with the previously sequenced isolate from Germany. RNA transcripts derived from(More)
Two isolates (SL1 and SL6) of Peru tomato virus (PTV, genus Potyvirus) were obtained from cocona plants (Solanum sessiliflorum) growing in Tingo María, the jungle of the Amazon basin in Peru. One PTV isolate (TM) was isolated from a tomato plant (Lycopersicon esculentum) growing in Huaral at the Peruvian coast. The three PTV isolates were readily(More)
Agrobacterium-mediated transformation for poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. Ex Klotzsch) is reported here for the first time. Internode stem explants of poinsettia cv. Millenium were transformed by Agrobacterium tumefaciens, strain LBA 4404, harbouring virus-derived hairpin (hp) RNA gene constructs to induce RNA silencing-mediated resistance to(More)
Potyviral helper-component proteinase (HCpro) is a multifunctional protein exerting its cellular functions in interaction with putative host proteins. In this study, cellular protein partners of the HCpro encoded by Potato virus A (PVA) (genus Potyvirus) were screened in a potato leaf cDNA library using a yeast two-hybrid system. Two cellular proteins were(More)
Deletion of various portions, or insertion of six histidine residues (6xHis) into various positions of the membrane-bound 6K2 protein (53 amino acids) of Potato virus A (PVA, genus Potyvirus), inhibited systemic infection in Nicotiana tabacum and N. benthamiana plants. However, a spontaneous mutation (Gly2Cys) that occurred in 6K2 adjacent to the 6xHis(More)
Chrysanthemum stunt viroid (CSVd) is a damaging pathogen attacking Argyranthemum plants. Our study attempted to reveal distribution patterns of CSVd in shoot apical meristems (SAM) and to explore reasons for differential ability of CSVd to invade SAM of selected Argyranthemum cultivars. Symptom development was also observed on greenhouse-grown Argyranthemum(More)
ABSTRACT Because there were no previous reports on the molecular characterization of Potato virus V (PVV, genus Potyvirus, family Potyviridae), the complete genomic sequence of PVV isolate Dv42 was determined. The length of the single-stranded messenger-polarity RNA genome was 9,851 nt (nucleotides), followed by a poly(A) tail. The genome contained a(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of Wild potato mosaic virus (WPMV) was determined, showing that it is a distinct member of the genus Potyvirus (family Potyviridae). The genome consists of 9853 nucleotides and encodes a single polyprotein of 3065 amino acids. The 5'- and 3'-non translated regions (NTR) were 182 and 472 nucleotides, respectively. Alignment(More)
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