Carl Schroeder

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Susceptibilities to fourteen antimicrobial agents important in clinical medicine and agriculture were determined for 752 Escherichia coli isolates of serotypes O26, O103, O111, O128, and O145. Strains of these serotypes may cause urinary tract and enteric infections in humans and have been implicated in infections with Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC).(More)
Four hundred and seventy-two generic Escherichia coli isolates were recovered from ground and whole retail beef, chicken, pork, and turkey obtained from Greater Washington, DC, USA during the years 1998 to 2000. Many of the isolates displayed resistance to tetracycline (59%), sulfamethoxazole (45%), streptomycin (44%), cephalothin (38%) and ampicillin(More)
Results from our model suggest that eating Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis-contaminated shell eggs caused 182,060 illnesses in the United States during 2000. Uncertainty about the estimate ranged from 81,535 (5th percentile) to 276,500 illnesses (95th percentile). Our model provides but 1 approach for estimating foodborne illness and quantifying(More)
Corporation announced the IBM Model 726 Tape Unit with the IBM Model 701 Defense Calculator, marking the transition from punched-card storage to digital storage on flexible magnetic tape. That bold introduction was the beginning of what is now a 50-year history of invention that has seen remarkable advances in the storage of information on flexible magnetic(More)
The discovery and description of hydrothermal features such as geothermal vents, gas fumaroles, and even geysers within Yellowstone Lake is presented. Research was carried out over a period of 17 years beginning in 1984 and employed SCUBA to observe the sublacustrine hot springs and microbial mats in Sedge Bay, Yellowstone Lake. These initial observations(More)
Acknowledgements Many people in FSIS and USDA contributed in a very short timeframe to the timely completion of this analysis. A great deal of thanks goes to all, including Sean Altekruse, Executive Summary BACKGROUND Food Safety and Inspection Service on-line inspectors examine every young poultry carcass to ensure it is unadulterated, free of feathers,(More)
Yellowstone National Park is well known for its geothermal features. Among microbiologists it is equally well known for its unique microbial ecology and extreme habitats associated with terrestrial hot springs, geysers, and fumaroles. Yellowstone Lake has also been shown to contain geothermal activity, and the presence of hydrothermal vents with water(More)
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