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A precursor paper (also available as an OGC White Paper) provides a high-level overview of and architecture for the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards activities that focus on sensors, sensor networks, and a concept called the " Sensor Web ". This OGC focus area is known as Sensor Web Enablement (SWE). For readers interested in greater technical and(More)
BACKGROUND Nasopharyngeal carcinoma occurs disproportionately among individuals of Chinese descent. The cytochrome P450 2E1 enzyme (CYP2E1) is known to activate nitrosamines and other carcinogens that are possibly involved in the development of this disease. Certain alleles of the CYP2E1 gene are thought to be more highly expressed than others, and their(More)
A Phase I and pharmacological study of paclitaxel administered as an outpatient, 3-h i.v. infusion just before a 5-day regimen of daily cisplatinum (CP) and a continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) was performed in patients with advanced solid tumors. A secondary objective was to determine the objective response rate to this regimen. Forty-two(More)
PURPOSE We have previously identified paclitaxel as an active single agent in the treatment of esophageal cancer. We performed a phase II trial of paclitaxel in combination with cisplatin and fluorouracil (5-FU), conventionally used chemotherapy for esophageal cancer. The antitumor response, toxicity, and survival of patients treated with the three-drug(More)
Neurogenic tumors were selectively induced in high incidence in F344 rats by a single transplacental exposure to the direct-acting alkylating agent N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (EtNU). We prepared DNA for transfection of NIH 3T3 cells from primary glial tumors of the brain and from schwannomas of the cranial and spinal nerves that developed in the transplacentally(More)
Fischer 344/Ncr rats of both sexes were subjected to partial hepatectomy and then initiated 21-24 h later by a single injection of methyl(acetoxymethyl)nitrosamine at 0.1 mmol/kg body weight via the portal vein. Beginning 3 weeks later, development of hepatocellular neoplasms in initiated rats was promoted by feeding 0.05% phenobarbital (PB) in the diet.(More)
Nickel is a toxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic metal of significant occupational and environmental concern. Although several cellular targets of nickel have been identified, considerable evidence suggests that it can act indirectly upon DNA by inducing the formation of oxidized purines or pyrimidines that constitute promutagenic lesions. In this study, we(More)
It is becoming increasingly apparent that interferon exerts a major role in cellular regulatory processes. Besides its well known antiviral properties, interferon has been shown to affect cell surface antigen expression, lymphoid cell function, as well as cellular protein synthesis and growth. To date, however, there is little information available on the(More)
 Peripheral nerve tumors (PNT) and melanomas induced transplacentally on day 14 of gestation in Syrian golden hamsters by N-nitrosoethylurea were analyzed for activated oncogenes by the NIH 3T3 transfection assay, and for mutations in the neu oncogene by direct sequencing, allele-specific oligonucleotide hybridization, MnlI restriction-fragment-length(More)
Real-time tissue identification can benefit procedures such as stereotactic brain biopsy, functional neurosurgery and brain tumor excision. Optical scattering spectroscopy has been shown to be effective at discriminating cancer from noncancerous conditions in the colon, bladder and breast. The NASA Smart Probe extends the concept of 'optical biopsy' by(More)