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AIMS prolonged P2Y-receptor signalling can cause vasoconstriction leading to hypertension, vascular smooth muscle hypertrophy, and hyperplasia. G protein-coupled receptor signalling is negatively regulated by G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) and arrestin proteins, preventing prolonged or inappropriate signalling. This study investigates whether(More)
Binding and functional affinities of the muscarinic acetylcholine (mACh) receptor antagonists darifenacin, tolterodine, oxybutynin, and atropine were assessed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing the human recombinant M2 (CHO-m2) or M3 (CHO-m3) receptors, and in guinea pig bladder and submandibular gland. In [N-methyl-3H]scopolamine methyl(More)
AIMS Prolonged endothelin (ET) receptor signalling causes vasoconstriction and can lead to hypertension, vascular smooth muscle hypertrophy, and hyperplasia. Usually, G protein-coupled receptor signalling is negatively regulated by G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs), preventing prolonged or inappropriate signalling. This study investigated whether(More)
Arterial smooth muscle (ASM) contraction plays a critical role in regulating blood distribution and blood pressure. Vasoconstrictors activate cell surface receptors to initiate signaling cascades involving increased intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) and recruitment of protein kinase C (PKC), leading to ASM contraction, though the PKC(More)
The rabbit urinary bladder actively absorbs Na(+) from the urine. The rate-limiting step in this process is the diffusion of Na(+) across the apical membrane of bladder epithelial cells, mediated by amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na(+) channels. We have investigated the effects of cAMP on epithelial Na(+) channel activity in the rabbit bladder by measuring(More)
A central dogma of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) pharmacology has been the concept that unlike agonists, antagonist ligands display equivalent affinities for a given receptor, regardless of the cellular environment in which the affinity is assayed. Indeed, the widespread use of antagonist pharmacology in the classification of receptor expression(More)
Overstimulation of endothelin type A (ET(A)) and nucleotide (P2Y) Gα(q)-coupled receptors in vascular smooth muscle causes vasoconstriction, hypertension, and, eventually, hypertrophy and vascular occlusion. G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) and arrestin proteins are sequentially recruited by agonist-occupied Gα(q)-coupled receptors to terminate(More)
Voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv) are important regulators of membrane potential in vascular smooth muscle cells, which is integral to controlling intracellular Ca2+ concentration and regulating vascular tone. Previous work indicates that Kv channels can be modulated by receptor-driven alterations of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) activity.(More)
Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) meta-analyses have identified a strong association signal for lung function, which maps to a region on 4q24 containing two oppositely transcribed genes: glutathione S-transferase, C-terminal domain containing (GSTCD) and integrator complex subunit 12 (INTS12). Both genes were found to be expressed in a range of human(More)
Using single cell Ca(2+) imaging and whole cell current clamp recordings, this study aimed to identify the signal transduction mechanisms involved in mACh receptor-mediated, enhanced synaptic signaling in primary cultures of hippocampal neurons. Activation of M(1) mACh receptors produced a 2.48 +/- 0.26-fold enhancement of Ca(2+) transients arising from(More)