Carl Olav Stiller

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OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study is to monitor the extracellular gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels in the lumbar dorsal horn of allodynic rats, which respond to spinal cord stimulation (SCS) with a normalization of the tactile withdrawal threshold. In addition, we monitored the GABA levels in nonresponding and sham-stimulated rats. METHODS(More)
Pharmacologic studies implicate the involvement of substance P in spinal nociceptive processing during the formalin test. However, no direct measurement of the temporal changes in substance P levels within the spinal cord of conscious animals has been reported. Further, dissociation between substance P levels and formalin-evoked nocifensive behavior may(More)
Most of the previous experimental studies on the antinociceptive effects of electrical spinal cord stimulation (SCS) have focused on short-lasting effects mainly depending on spinal mechanisms. However, patients treated with SCS for chronic pain often report pain relief exceeding the period of stimulation for several hours. The long lasting effect of SCS(More)
Opioids are generally believed to activate descending pain inhibitory pathways from the periaqueductal gray matter (PAG). Since opioids exert an inhibitory effect on neural excitability and transmitter release, an opioid-mediated inhibition of tonically active inhibitory gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurons has been suggested to mediate this effect. The(More)
The microdialysis technique, used to monitor extracellular levels of transmitter substances in the central nervous system of laboratory animals as a reflection of transmitter release, is based on the ability of neurotransmitters to diffuse in the extracellular fluid from the site of release and to cross a semipermeable dialysis membrane. Even though the(More)
The use of capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection (CE-LIF) for the analysis of microdialysate samples from the periaqueductal grey matter (PAG) of freely moving rats is described. By employing 3-(4-carboxybenzoyl)-2-quinoline-carboxaldehyde (CBQCA) as a derivatization agent, we simultaneously monitored the concentrations of 8(More)
The mechanism underlying the beneficial effect of electrical stimulation of the posterior surface of the spinal cord in chronic pain states are unknown. The prolonged pain relief following a short stimulation period is believed to imply the activation of long-lasting neurochemical processes, mainly in the spinal cord, but possibly also involving other parts(More)
The anticonvulsant drug gabapentin has been demonstrated to alleviate symptoms of painful diabetic neuropathy as well as other types of neuropathic pain. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of gabapentin in a recently developed mouse model of peripheral neuropathy. This model is based on a photochemical ischemic lesion of the sciatic(More)
The effect of repeated electroconvulsive shock (five shocks during 10 days) on preprocholecystokinin and preprotachykinin-A messenger RNA expression was studied in the mesencephalic periaqueductal gray and adjacent areas of rat using in situ hybridization histochemistry with specific oligonucleotide probes. An increased number of preprocholecystokinin and(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) in wide dynamic range (WDR) neurons in the dorsal horn has been suggested to contribute to central sensitization and the development of chronic pain. Indirect experimental evidence indicates an involvement of substance P (SP), in this respect. The aim of the present study was to monitor the extracellular level of substance(More)