Carl M. Metzler

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The present study examined the role of the left frontal cortex in strategic aspects of semantic processing. Participants were tested in a semantic priming task involving the meaning access of ambiguous and unambiguous words. Patients with left or bilateral frontal lesions failed to develop semantic facilitation of context-appropriate homograph meanings(More)
Eleven healthy subjects received single oral doses of placebo, 2 mg diazepam, 5 mg diazepam, and 10 mg diazepam in a randomized four-way crossover study. Plasma diazepam levels, the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST), and fraction of total electroencephalographic (EEG) amplitude falling in the sigma plus beta (13 to 31 Hz) frequency range were determined(More)
In this study we present further data on case JB who developed memory impairment following a ruptured aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery which resulted in damage centered on the frontal cortex. The data reveal the JB's memory impairment is characterized by a recall impairment in which intrusion rates are abnormally high and a recognition deficit(More)
The present study investigated whether lesions to the prefrontal cortex would lead to impaired inhibitory control in selective attention. Patients with uni- and bilateral frontal lobe damage and age-matched control participants were compared in an identity negative priming task involving letter naming. Whereas all control groups revealed robust negative(More)
A one-generation, two-litter rat reproduction study was done in a kennel in Allegan County, Michigan, as part of an investigation of reproductive problems in Shetland sheepdogs (shelties). Since 1970, at least 115 sheltie litters at this kennel have been grossly deformed and/or have died, generally within 3 d of birth. The causative factor(s) appears to be(More)
The effects of a fish oil supplement on lipid and lipoprotein levels, platelet function, and vital signs were investigated in 31 hypercholesterolemic patients. Thirteen patients took 5 g of encapsulated fish oil per day and 18 patients took 5 g of encapsulated safflower oil "placebo" per day for 28 days. Diet and exercise patterns were kept as constant as(More)
In recent years a number of decision rules, based on sound statistical principles, have been proposed for deciding if a test formulation is bioequivalent to a reference formulation. The decision rule based on confidence intervals has been accepted by regulatory agencies, at least by the Food and Drug Administration of the United States. A useful property of(More)