Carl L A Mann

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We studied the association between clinical outcome in MS and allelic variants single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of interleukin-1alpha (IL-1alpha), IL-1beta and a variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) in IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RN). A total of 377 patients with MS were studied. Significant associations between IL-1 genotypes and clinical outcome(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) risk is determined by environment and genes. The authors investigated in 419 cases and 422 controls if polymorphism in the vitamin D receptor (VDR), melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R), and tyrosinase (TYR) genes is linked with MS risk and outcome. VDR ff was associated with reduced (odds ratio [OR] = 0.59) and MC1R His294-encoding(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress has been implicated in inflammatory demyelination. The glutathione S-transferase (GST) supergene family encodes isoenzymes that appear to be critical in protection against oxidative stress. Certain GST loci are polymorphic, demonstrating alleles that are null (GSTM1/GSTT1), encode low activity variants (GSTP1), or are associated(More)
The association between susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS) and the class II MHC allele HLA-DRB1*15 is well established although a possible relationship between this allele and outcome in MS is less clear. HLA-DRB1 typing was performed on 375 unrelated white patients with clinically definite MS and on 367 healthy controls. Putative associations of the(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL10) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine which may modulate disease expression in multiple sclerosis (MS). Three dimorphic polymorphisms within the IL10 promoter region at positions - 1082, -819 and -519 have previously been identified. The - 1082*A allele has been associated with low and the - 1082*G allele with high in vitro IL10 production.(More)
Corticosteroid (CS) therapy is used widely in the treatment of a range of pathologies, but can delay production of myelin, the insulating sheath around central nervous system nerve fibers. The cellular targets of CS action are not fully understood, that is, "direct" action on cells involved in myelin genesis [oligodendrocytes and their progenitors the(More)
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