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BACKGROUND Although inhaled glucocorticosteroids are recommended for persistent asthma, their long-term effect on recent onset, mild, persistent asthma has yet to be established. METHODS We did a randomised, double-blind clinical trial in 7241 patients in 32 countries to assess the effects of budesonide in patients who had had mild persistent asthma for(More)
A stochastic model of Feulgen hydrolysis is proposed. The model, constructed so as to embody the main features of chromatin structure, is simple enough to allow the calculation of extraction rates. Extraction rate curves generated by the model are compared with experimental curves obtained under various conditions (different fixatives and hydrolysis(More)
Theophylline (1, 3-dimethylxanthine) and enprofylline (3-propylxanthine) have been examined for effects in the rat. Enprofylline was 3.8 times as potent as theophylline as a tracheal relaxant in vitro, and 1.3 times as potent as theophylline to increase the rate of isolated perfused hearts. An oral dose (5 mg/kg) of enprofylline to rats was almost(More)
In most clinical trials, some patients do not complete their intended follow-up according to protocol, for a variety of reasons, and are often described as having 'dropped out' before the conclusion of the trial. Their subsequent measurements are missing, and this makes the analysis of the trial's repeated measures data more difficult. In this paper we(More)
A proper understanding of the function of Birbeck's granules requires that they should be counted under various conditions. We now present a simple quantification method which does not depend on specific assumptions concerning size, shape or location of the particles counted and can, moreover, be applied for counting other subcellular structures as well. A(More)
RATIONALE To evaluate the association between asthma exacerbations and the decline in lung function, as well as the potential effects of an inhaled corticosteroid, budesonide, on exacerbation-related decline in patients with asthma. OBJECTIVES To determine whether severe asthma exacerbations are associated with a persistent decline in lung function. (More)
BACKGROUND While the impact of knee pain and knee osteoarthritis (OA) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been investigated in the literature, there is a lack of knowledge on the impact of different definitions of OA on HRQoL. The main aim of this study was to measure and compare the impact of knee OA and its different definitions on HRQoL in the(More)
A method for measuring masticatory efficiency is described as well as a mathematical formula expressing the masticatory efficiency as an index. A silicone compound was used as test material. The masticatory efficiency index was calculated as the mean of the best four out of five consecutive measurements of masticatory efficiency calculated from a specially(More)
BACKGROUND The Inhaled Steroid as Regular Therapy in Early Asthma (START) study reported that early intervention with budesonide in mild persistent asthma reduces severe asthmatic events and improves symptom outcomes and lung function in adults and children. OBJECTIVE We sought to estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness of early intervention with(More)
The value of three objective tests of the nasal mucosa in 22 patients with perennial non-allergic rhinitis treated with a topical corticosteroid has been investigated. Placebo and three different dosages of a new steroid, budesonide, were administered intranasally using a double-blind, cross-over technique. Nasal airway resistance was not reduced by the(More)