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BACKGROUND Although inhaled glucocorticosteroids are recommended for persistent asthma, their long-term effect on recent onset, mild, persistent asthma has yet to be established. METHODS We did a randomised, double-blind clinical trial in 7241 patients in 32 countries to assess the effects of budesonide in patients who had had mild persistent asthma for(More)
RATIONALE To evaluate the association between asthma exacerbations and the decline in lung function, as well as the potential effects of an inhaled corticosteroid, budesonide, on exacerbation-related decline in patients with asthma. OBJECTIVES To determine whether severe asthma exacerbations are associated with a persistent decline in lung function. (More)
BACKGROUND The Inhaled Steroid as Regular Therapy in Early Asthma (START) study reported that early intervention with budesonide in mild persistent asthma reduces severe asthmatic events and improves symptom outcomes and lung function in adults and children. OBJECTIVE We sought to estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness of early intervention with(More)
The value of three objective tests of the nasal mucosa in 22 patients with perennial non-allergic rhinitis treated with a topical corticosteroid has been investigated. Placebo and three different dosages of a new steroid, budesonide, were administered intranasally using a double-blind, cross-over technique. Nasal airway resistance was not reduced by the(More)
In most clinical trials, some patients do not complete their intended follow-up according to protocol, for a variety of reasons, and are often described as having 'dropped out' before the conclusion of the trial. Their subsequent measurements are missing, and this makes the analysis of the trial's repeated measures data more difficult. In this paper we(More)
Demand for economic and outcomes data in support of drug formulary listing in private and government-sponsored health programs has led to fundamental changes in drug development. In part as a response to these pressures, the pharmaceutical industry has begun to include economic and quality-of-life endpoints in clinical trials with the hope of providing(More)
BACKGROUND The Inhaled Steroid Treatment as Regular Therapy in Early Asthma (START) study enrolled 7241 patients aged 5 to 66 years with recent-onset, mild persistent asthma to assess early intervention with the inhaled corticosteroid budesonide on long-term asthma control. OBJECTIVE The open-label phase of the START study was included to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND While the impact of knee pain and knee osteoarthritis (OA) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been investigated in the literature, there is a lack of knowledge on the impact of different definitions of OA on HRQoL. The main aim of this study was to measure and compare the impact of knee OA and its different definitions on HRQoL in the(More)
Early intervention with budesonide is an effective strategy for mild persistent asthma, which has been shown to provide additional clinical benefits at a low incremental cost using USA cost data. The present authors analysed whether this strategy would be cost-effective using cost data for other countries. Based on the 3-yr prospective, randomised,(More)