Carl Hoegerl

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Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) during corrective spinal surgery is widely used. Because of the possible interference with the recording of evoked potentials by inhalational anesthetics, total intravenous anesthetic (TIVA) regimens have been advocated. TIVA regimens may be difficult to use in pediatric populations due to metabolic(More)
Nutritional deficiencies are unrecognized in approximately 50% of patients who undergo gastric bypass surgery. The authors present some of the more common nutritional deficiencies and related complications that can occur in this patient population. Greater awareness of the potential effects of nutritional deficiency after gastric bypass surgery may help(More)
Pseudobulbar affect-such as pathological laughter or crying-is associated with several different neurologic diseases and is most frequently seen in patients with Alzheimer disease. However, many physicians do not recognize it as a symptom associated with multiple sclerosis. The present report describes a case of pathological laughter in a 56-year-old man(More)
E-portfolios are often celebrated as the choice of technology to engage students and trainees in the personal development processes which underpin their academic and professional careers, but the process of portfolio creation cannot work in isolation. Research highlights the importance of feedback, relevance and assessment in engaging users and encouraging(More)
Balò disease, also called concentric sclerosis, is a rare variant of multiple sclerosis that has been historically characterized as a monophasic, rapidly progressive, often fatal demyelinating disease. The diagnosis of Balò disease is based on the pathognomonic concentric ring pattern seen on magnetic resonance images. The authors describe the case of a(More)