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FVB/N mice offer a system suitable for most transgenic experiments and subsequent genetic analyses. The inbred FVB/N strain is characterized by vigorous reproductive performance and consistently large litters. Moreover, fertilized FVB/N eggs contain large and prominent pronuclei, which facilitate microinjection of DNA. The phenotype of large pronuclei in(More)
The incidence of arthritis and the antibody response to mouse and to rat type 11 collagen after immunization with native rat type II collagen was studied in different mouse strains, including wild mouse-derived strains belonging to the H-2p/H-2q family. High serum levels of antibodies to mouse and rat type II collagen were seen only in H-2q mice, whereas(More)
The startle response to intense environmental stimuli is found in most, if not all, animal species. Previous studies have shown that selected rodent strains differ in startle response to an acoustic stimulus, suggesting genetic variability. The current experiment was designed to extend these differences to a wider range of rat strains. Forty-six inbred and(More)
To elucidate the in vivo role of natural killer (NK) cells, the growth of several murine and human tumors was studied in four variants of athymic, nude mice with different levels of NK activity. Beige-nude mice, homozygous for both the beige and the nude genes, had very low levels of NK activity, and their response to the B-cell mitogen, bacterial(More)
Soybean and its isoflavones have been shown to have beneficial effects on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism and on renal function. Probiotics may potentiate the beneficial effects of isoflavones by converting the inactive isoflavone glycoside to aglycones, which are biologically active, thereby producing a synergistic effect. We therefore studied the(More)
The efficiency of embryo banking for rat and mouse models of human disease and normal biological processes depends on the ease of obtaining embryos. Authors report on the effect of genotype on embryo production and rederivation. In an effort to establish banks of cryopreserved embryos, they provide two databases for comparing banking efficiency: one that(More)
Sixteen inbred rat strains were examined for susceptibility and resistance to group A streptococcal cell wall-induced polyarthritis. The findings indicated that 2 or more genetic loci, as well as sex-related factors, played a major role in determining susceptibility to arthritis in this model. Breeding studies demonstrated that susceptibility was a dominant(More)
The SHR/N-cp rat is a new genetically obese model for non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Expression of the diabetes is enhanced by a high-sucrose (54%) diet. After 4 wk on the diet, the cp/cp rats weigh significantly more than their +/? controls, have postprandial hyperglycemia (greater than 400 mg/dl), and are hyperinsulinemic, with immunoreactive(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence is emerging that varying the type or source of dietary protein intake can have beneficial effects on chronic renal disease. Consumption of soybean and soy-based food products, as the source of plant protein, can retard the development and progression of chronic renal disease. We studied the obese spontaneously hypertensive/NIH-corpulent(More)