Carl H. Lawyer

Learn More
The CorA transport system is the primary Mg2+ influx system of Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli. The CorA protein has no homology to any other known family of proteins. It has an unusual membrane topology, with a large, soluble, highly charged periplasmic N-terminal domain with three transmembrane segments in a shorter, hydrophobic C-terminal(More)
BACKGROUND Lung volume reduction operations have proved beneficial for emphysematous patients, but questions remain about the role of a unilateral procedure. METHODS Fifty patients were prospectively enrolled in a lung volume reduction surgery program for emphysema with staged unilateral video-assisted thoracoscopic procedures (VATS group). These patients(More)
It has long been speculated that porcine cathelin is an N-terminal fragment of a longer precursor protein which possesses antimicrobial activity. In an attempt to find such a precursor, a cDNA clone was recently isolated and sequenced by screening a cDNA library from porcine bone marrow. In order to identify the functional activity of the putative protein(More)
One hundred forty-one patients were prospectively enrolled in a study of contact-tip laser bullectomy at four institutions. Ninety-one have had both preoperative and postoperative testing at 3 months. Nonsmoking patients with disabling dyspnea at less than 50 yards and with a forced expiratory volume in 1 second of 35% or less were enrolled. Testing(More)
Chronic indwelling catheters in the maternal femoral artery and vein, fetal carotid artery and jugular vein, and amniotic cavity of a pregnant rhesus monkey permitted administration of sodium valproate (NaVPA) and collection of timed samples of maternal and fetal blood and amniotic fluid. After a single IV dose (50 mg/kg) to the mother, a rapid distribution(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical procedures for emphysema have been proposed and in many settings resulted in significant improvement in dyspnea and function. The most prevalent surgical problem in all series is prolonged postoperative air leak. METHODS One hundred twenty-three patients undergoing stapled thoracoscopic unilateral lung volume reduction operation were(More)
We have synthesized a C-terminal portion of tracheal antimicrobial peptide (TAP) with 38 amino acids and tested it for efficacy on various clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains from patients with cystic fibrosis and also on Aspergillus fumigatus. Our results indicate that the synthetic TAP has both potent bactericidal and fungicidal activities(More)
A polyhydroxy alkaloid has been isolated from the seeds of the African legume Angylocalyx pynaertii and identified as a 2-hydroxymethyl-3,4-dihydroxy-5-methylpyrrolidine by ms and 1H- and 13C-nmr spectroscopy. The absolute stereochemistry was established, by a stereochemically unambiguous synthesis from diacetone glucose, as(More)
OBJECTIVE Human defensins and cathelicidins are a family of cationic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), which play multiple roles in both innate and adaptive immune systems. They have direct antimicrobial activity against several microorganisms including burn pathogens. The majority of components of innate and adaptive immunity either express naturally(More)