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We demonstrate that freeform fabricated (FFF) scaffolds with a roughened surface topography can support hBMSC proliferation, while also inducing osteogenic differentiation, for maximized generation of calcified, bone-like tissue. Previously, hBMSCs rapidly proliferated, without osteogenic differentiation, during culture in FFF scaffolds. In contrast, hBMSCs(More)
We have explored the use of X-ray microcomputed tomography (microCT) for assessing cell adhesion and proliferation in polymer scaffolds. Common methods for examining cells in scaffolds include fluorescence microscopy and soluble assays for cell components such as enzymes, protein or DNA. Fluorescence microscopy is generally qualitative and cannot visualize(More)
The effect of blending two silk proteins, regenerated Bombyx mori fibroin and synthetic spidroin containing RGD, on silk film material structure (beta-sheet content) and properties (solubility), as well as on biological response (osteoblast adhesion, proliferation and differentiation) was investigated. Although the elasticity and strength of silks make them(More)
OBJECTIVES Seven million people suffer bone fractures each year in the U.S., and musculoskeletal conditions cost $215 billion/year. The objectives of this study were to develop moldable/injectable, mechanically strong and in situ-hardening calcium phosphate cement (CPC) composite scaffolds for bone regeneration and delivery of osteogenic cells and growth(More)
We have assessed the biocompatibility of a new composite bone graft consisting of calcium phosphate cement (CPC) and poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microspheres (approximate diameter of 0.18-0.36 mm) using cell culture techniques. CPC powder is mixed with PLGA microspheres and water to yield a workable paste that could be sculpted to fit the contours of(More)
In order to accelerate tissue-engineering research, a combinatorial approach for investigating the effect of surface energy on cell response has been developed. Surface energy is a fundamental material property that can influence cell behavior. Gradients in surface energy were created by using an automated stage to decelerate a glass slide coated with a(More)
We have combined automated fluorescence microscopy with a combinatorial approach for creating polymer blend gradients to yield a rapid screening method for characterizing cell proliferation on polymer blends. A gradient in polymer blend composition of poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) and poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PDLLA) was created in the form of a strip-shaped film(More)
Although calcium phosphate cement (CPC) is promising for bone repair, its clinical use requires on site powder-liquid mixing. To shorten surgical time and improve graft properties, it is desirable to develop premixed CPC in which the paste remains stable during storage and hardens only after placement into the defect. The objective of this study was to(More)
A high-throughput method for analyzing cellular response to crystallinity in a polymer material is presented. Variations in crystallinity lead to changes in surface roughness on nanometer length scales, and it is shown that cells are exquisitely sensitive to these changes. Gradients of polymer crystallinity were fabricated on films of poly(L-lactic acid)(More)
Calcium phosphate cement (CPC) sets in situ to form hydroxyapatite and is highly promising for a wide range of clinical applications. However, its low strength limits its use to only non-stress applications, and its lack of macroporosity hinders cell infiltration, bone ingrowth and implant fixation. The aim of this study was to develop strong and(More)