Carl F. Perez

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Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a monocyte-derived cytotoxin that has been implicated in tumor regression, septic shock, and cachexia. The mechanism by which TNF induces these different disease states is unclear. We have identified and characterized a novel, rapidly inducible cell surface cytotoxic integral transmembrane form of TNF. The existence and(More)
Mammalian artificial chromosomes (MACs) provide a means to introduce large payloads of genetic information into the cell in an autonomously replicating, non-integrating format. Unique among MACs, the mammalian satellite DNA-based Artificial Chromosome Expression (ACE) can be reproducibly generated de novo in cell lines of different species and readily(More)
In addition to the induction of tumor regression, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) has been implicated as the causative agent in a number of pathologies, including cachexia, septic shock, rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmunity, and induction of HIV expression. We propose that this complex physiology might be manifest by different forms of TNF: the 17 kd secretory(More)
TNF is effective in causing the regression of selected murine tumors when administered at high concentrations. Therapeutic levels in humans cannot be obtained systemically, however, because of dose-limiting toxicity. The development of immunotherapy with IL-2 and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL), which can accumulate at tumor sites in some patients, and(More)
OBJECTIVE The transfer of mammalian artificial chromosomes (MACs) to hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) presents a promising new strategy for ex vivo gene therapy that alleviates numerous concerns surrounding viral transduction along with a unique platform for the systematic study of stem cell biology and fate. Here we report the transfer of a(More)
We have generated transgenic mice by pronuclear microinjection of a murine satellite DNA-based artificial chromosome (SATAC). As 50% of the founder progeny were SATAC-positive, this demonstrates that SATAC transmission through the germline had occurred. FISH analyses of metaphase chromosomes from mitogen-activated peripheral blood lymphocytes from both the(More)
The enhancement effects of ionizing and ultraviolet radiation on the efficiency of DNA-mediated gene transfer were studied. The established cell line, Rat-2, consists of cells that are density-dependent contact-inhibited and produce flat monolayers in vitro. When these cells are infected with SV40 virus, a small fraction of cells becomes morphologically(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) in mammalian cells is associated with the expression of the MDR1 gene encoding P-glycoprotein (P-gp), an and active efflux pump for various lipophilic compounds. MDR transfectants can be isolated after MDR1 gene transfer and selection with cytotoxic drugs; low levels of drug resistance have also been observed in unselected NIH 3T3(More)
Mammalian artificial chromosomes (MACs) are being developed as alternatives to viral vectors for gene therapy applications, as they allow for the introduction of large payloads of genetic information in a non-integrating, autonomously replicating format. One class of MACs, the satellite DNA-based artificial chromosome expression vehicle (ACE), is uniquely(More)