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The incidence of distant metastases in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is relatively small in comparison to other malignancies. Distant metastases adversely impact survival and may significantly affect treatment planning. The incidence of distant metastases is influenced by location of the primary tumor, initial T and N stage of the neoplasm,(More)
Thyroidectomy is a common surgical procedure. The results of some clinical trials suggest that routine drainage does not offer advantages, but the evidence is not strong either in favor of or against this intervention. The effect of routine drainage compared to no drainage in patients subject to thyroidectomy was measured using a meta-analysis. After an(More)
Neck dissection is an important treatment for metastases from upper aerodigestive carcinoma; an event that markedly reduces survival. Since its inception, the philosophy of the procedure has undergone significant change from one of radicalism to the current conservative approach. Furthermore, nonsurgical modalities have been introduced, and, in many(More)
The authors review the evolving development of various types of neck dissections, and the resultant classification systems. The standard radical neck dissection, introduced at the turn of the 20th century, became the uniformly accepted treatment of cervical metastatic disease through the 1960s. The functional or modified radical neck dissection was(More)
Concurrent chemotherapy and radiotherapy (CRT) has become standard treatment for many patients with advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). This has led to controversy concerning the role of neck dissection (ND) in this setting. The current debate is focused on N2-N3 disease and the ability of a clinical complete response to predict the(More)
Oral cancer represents a common entity comprising a third of all head and neck malignant tumors. The options for curative treatment of oral cavity cancer have not changed significantly in the last three decades; however, the work up, the approach to surveillance, and the options for reconstruction have evolved significantly. Because of the profound(More)
Incidental lesions of the thyroid gland are an increasing problem facing clinicians. While asymptomatic palpable lesions are detected in only 4-7% of the population, currently available imaging modalities are sensitive enough to detect lesions in 20-30% of the population. Guidelines for managing these incidentalomas are limited, largely due to lack of(More)
A number of issues are at the forefront of current considerations in surgical treatment of the neck in head and neck cancer. These include proposed new definitions of lymph node levels that will lend themselves to clinical and radiographic examination, the possibility of employing molecular studies to supply information on the metastatic potential of the(More)
BACKGROUND Multicystic benign lymphoepithelial lesions of the parotid gland (BLL) seen in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can produce considerable cosmetic deformity as well as physical discomfort. We previously reported our preliminary results with low-dose radiotherapy in this disease, and all 8 patients were satisfied with the initial(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if the application of radiofrequency ablation to advanced head and neck cancer (HNC) would result in local control of the tumor. DESIGN Radiofrequency ablation was applied to advanced head and neck malignant tumors in the participants of this nonrandomized controlled trial. SETTING Academic tertiary care medical center. (More)