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The purification of two heparitinases and a heparinase, in high yields from Flavobacterium heparinum was achieved by a combination of molecular sieving and cation-exchange chromatography. Heparinase acts upon N-sulfated glucosaminido-L-iduronic acid linkages of heparin. Substitution of N-sulfate by N-acetyl groups renders the heparin molecule resistant to(More)
The brown alga Spatoglossum schroederi contains three fractions of sulfated polysaccharides. One of them was purified by acetone fractionation, ion exchange, and molecular sieving chromatography. It has a molecular size of 21.5 kDa and contains fucose, xylose, galactose, and sulfate in a molar ratio of 1.0:0.5:2.0:2.0 and contains trace amounts of(More)
Heparin with high anticoagulant activity was isolated from the two marine clam species Anomalocardia brasiliana and Tivela mactroides. A large portion of the polysaccharide chains of both preparations bound with high affinity to immobilized antithrombin. Titrations monitored by tryptophan fluorescence showed that clam polysaccharide chains with Mr(More)
The sulfated mucopolysaccharide composition of 22 species of invertebrates belonging to the phyla Arthropoda, Mollusca, Annelida, Tunicata, Echinodermata, Coelenterata, and Porifera was analyzed. It is shown that all the species contain variable amounts of one or more types of sulfated mocopolysaccharides, most of which similar to the ones found in(More)
Cytosolic sulfotransferases are enzymes that catalyze the conjugation of sulfate groups to a variety of xenobiotic and endogenous substrates. A mutation in the SULT1A1 gene has been associated with decreased sulfotransferase activity. We studied 125 cancer patients and 100 healthy controls from Brazil matched by age and gender. The objective of this study(More)
Exposure of endothelial cells to heparin and other antithrombotic drugs specifically stimulates the synthesis of an antithrombotic heparan sulfate (HS). In the present work, biotinylated heparin (BiotHep) was used to characterize the binding site(s) of heparin responsible for the stimulus in HS synthesis on endothelial cells. No differences were observed(More)
A practical fluorescence-based assay method for determination of hyaluronan (HA) was developed. Plates were coated with hyaluronan-binding proteins (HABP) obtained from bovine cartilage and successively incubated with samples containing standard solutions of hyaluronan or serum from normal and cyrrhotic patients, biotin-conjugated HABP, and europium-labeled(More)
The isolation, some structural features, physicochemical properties and pharmacological activities of a heparin from Anomalocardia brasiliana are reported. It is shown that the mollusc heparin is very similar to those present in mammalian tissues with regard to chemical composition, physicochemical properties, pharmacological activities and susceptibility(More)
The sequence of the disaccharide units of eight heparan sulfate proteoglycans of different origins is described. All heparan sulfates contain 5 variable regions made of oligosaccharide blocks of disaccharides, namely, GlcUA(1-4)GlcNAc, GlcUA(1-4)GlcNS, IdoUA (1-4) GlcNS,6S,IdoUA-GlcNAc,6S, and IdoUA,2S(1-4)GlcNS,6S, besides two constant regions made of an(More)