Carl D. Reed

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BACKGROUND Nasopharyngeal carcinoma occurs disproportionately among individuals of Chinese descent. The cytochrome P450 2E1 enzyme (CYP2E1) is known to activate nitrosamines and other carcinogens that are possibly involved in the development of this disease. Certain alleles of the CYP2E1 gene are thought to be more highly expressed than others, and their(More)
Exposure of rats to the hepatocarcinogen N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) (0.2-2.64 ppm in the drinking water) for up to 180 days resulted in rapid accumulation of N7- and O6-methylguanine in liver and white blood cell DNA, maximum adduct levels being reached within 1-7 days, depending on the dose. The levels of both adducts remained constant up to treatment(More)
Neurogenic tumors were selectively induced in high incidence in F344 rats by a single transplacental exposure to the direct-acting alkylating agent N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (EtNU). We prepared DNA for transfection of NIH 3T3 cells from primary glial tumors of the brain and from schwannomas of the cranial and spinal nerves that developed in the transplacentally(More)
Fischer 344/Ncr rats of both sexes were subjected to partial hepatectomy and then initiated 21-24 h later by a single injection of methyl(acetoxymethyl)nitrosamine at 0.1 mmol/kg body weight via the portal vein. Beginning 3 weeks later, development of hepatocellular neoplasms in initiated rats was promoted by feeding 0.05% phenobarbital (PB) in the diet.(More)
It is becoming increasingly apparent that interferon exerts a major role in cellular regulatory processes. Besides its well known antiviral properties, interferon has been shown to affect cell surface antigen expression, lymphoid cell function, as well as cellular protein synthesis and growth. To date, however, there is little information available on the(More)
Nickel is a toxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic metal of significant occupational and environmental concern. Although several cellular targets of nickel have been identified, considerable evidence suggests that it can act indirectly upon DNA by inducing the formation of oxidized purines or pyrimidines that constitute promutagenic lesions. In this study, we(More)
 Peripheral nerve tumors (PNT) and melanomas induced transplacentally on day 14 of gestation in Syrian golden hamsters by N-nitrosoethylurea were analyzed for activated oncogenes by the NIH 3T3 transfection assay, and for mutations in the neu oncogene by direct sequencing, allele-specific oligonucleotide hybridization, MnlI restriction-fragment-length(More)
Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) metabolizes low molecular weight toxicants. CYP2E1 gene polymorphisms have been linked to risk of various cancers and liver disease in humans. Since the patas monkey is a promising model for study of cancer-related alcohol/nitrosamine interactions, we examined CYP2E1 in this monkey for characteristics of two regions that are(More)
Administration of methyl(methoxymethyl)nitrosamine to newborn Fischer 344 rats results in the preferential induction of renal tumors arising from the mesenchymal component of the kidney. DNA from a significant proportion of these tumors was capable of transforming NIH/3T3 cells. This report describes the renal tumor model, the detection of two different ras(More)
The major envelope glycoprotein (gp71) purified from Rauscher leukemia virus (R-MuLV) binds efficiently to murine lymphoid cells but not to either murine nonlymphoid cells or lymphoid cells from other species. Binding of 125I-labeled R-MuLV gp71 was competitively inhibited by unlabeled glycoprotein, as well as by whole R-MuLV, but not by murine xenotropic(More)