Carl D Paton

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We determined the effects of a cycle training program in which selected sessions were performed with low muscle glycogen content on training capacity and subsequent endurance performance, whole body substrate oxidation during submaximal exercise, and several mitochondrial enzymes and signaling proteins with putative roles in promoting training adaptation.(More)
We have previously demonstrated that well-trained subjects who completed a 3 week training programme in which selected high-intensity interval training (HIT) sessions were commenced with low muscle glycogen content increased the maximal activities of several oxidative enzymes that promote endurance adaptations to a greater extent than subjects who began all(More)
PURPOSE The effect of caffeine ingestion on sprint performance is unclear. We have therefore investigated its effect on performance in a test that simulates the repeated sprints of team sports. METHODS In a randomized double-blind crossover experiment, 16 male team-sport athletes ingested either caffeine (6 of body mass) or a placebo 60 min before(More)
In a recent study competitive road cyclists experienced substantial gains in sprint and endurance performance when sessions of high-intensity interval training were added to their usual training in the competitive phase of a season. The current study reports the effect of this type of training on performance of 20 distance runners randomized to an(More)
In this study, we aimed to investigate physiological determinants of endurance performance that best predict 5000-m average run velocity before and after endurance training. Thirty-nine previously untrained participants completed a 5000-m run; a constant velocity test (measuring running economy); and an incremental treadmill test to determine maximal oxygen(More)
The magnitude of improvement in peak oxygen uptake (V(o)(2peak))) and performance to an exercise training regime is related to the V(o)(2) of prior accumulated exercise training bouts. However, it is unclear whether constant rate training (CRT) or interval training (INT) preferentially alters the V(o)(2) of running exercise. Therefore, the purpose of this(More)
High-resistance interval training produces substantial gains in sprint and endurance performance of cyclists in the competitive phase of a season. Here, we report the effect of changing the cadence of the intervals. We randomized 18 road cyclists to 2 groups for 4 weeks of training. Both groups replaced part of their usual training with 8 30-minute sessions(More)
In several recent studies, athletes experienced substantial gains in sprint and endurance performance when explosive training or high-intensity interval training was added in the noncompetitive phase of a season. Here we report the effect of combining these 2 types of training on performance in the competitive phase. We randomized 18 road cyclists to an(More)
Researchers have long been investigating strategies that can increase athletes' ability to oxidize fatty acids and spare carbohydrate, thus potentially improving endurance capacity. Green-tea extract (epigallocatechin-3-gallate; EGCG) has been shown to improve endurance capacity in mice. If a green-tea extract can stimulate fat oxidation and as a result(More)
PURPOSE. The reliability of competitive performance of athletes in a given sport provides an estimate of the smallest worthwhile change in performance, which is crucial when testing athletes and when assessing factors that affect performance in that sport. We have therefore analyzed the reliability of athletes competing in international Olympic-distance(More)