Carl D. Gregory

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Exercise-induced decreases in the (1)H transverse relaxation rate (R(2)) of muscle have been well documented, but the mechanism remains unclear. In this study, the hypothesis was tested that R(2) decreases could be explained by pH decreases and apparent intracellular volume (V(i)') increases. (31)P and (1)H spectroscopy, biexponential R(2) analysis, and(More)
In 1H NMR spectroscopic studies of fatiguing skeletal muscles, two peaks consistently arise near 1.3 ppm, typically 15-20 Hz apart at 300 MHz. From a variety of NMR and biochemical evidence, both peaks are identified as lactate. Both the CH3 and CH protons of lactate experience the same shift in intact muscle; this rules out chemical bonding or(More)
Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging of lactate using a zero-quantum/double-quantum filter and generalized spectral localization by imaging (GSLIM) was applied to a model of unilateral stroke in gerbil brain. GSLIM lactate images at 4T clearly reveal elevated concentrations of lactate in the ischemic compared with the normal hemisphere 100-175 minutes(More)
We investigated the time evolution of a strong collisionless shock in counterstreaming plasmas produced using a high-power laser pulse. The counterstreaming plasmas were generated by irradiating a CH double-plane target with the laser. In self-emission streaked optical pyrometry data, steepening of the self-emission profile as the two-plasma interaction(More)
The energy transport in cone-guided low- Z targets has been studied for laser intensities on target of 2.5x10(20) W cm(-2). Extreme ultraviolet (XUV) imaging and transverse optical shadowgraphy of the rear surfaces of slab and cone-slab targets show that the cone geometry strongly influences the observed transport patterns. The XUV intensity showed an(More)
In vivo spectroscopic experiments are commonly done under partially T1 saturated conditions and saturation factors (observed signal intensity divided by fully relaxed intensity) used for quantitative analysis of absolute and relative metabolite concentrations. The conventional calculation of the saturation factor assumes uniform excitation across the(More)