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We evaluated the ability of 5 muscle- or skin-dwelling parasites to persist in naturally infected coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch, from the West Fork Smith River, Oregon, by holding them in captivity from late summer to early spring (parr stage to the typical time of smoltification). These parasites included metacercariae of 3 digeneans, Nanophyetus(More)
This paper is a review of the effects of stress on reproduction in fishes. I hope to further the development of the concepts of allostasis and hormesis as relevant to understanding reproduction in general and in fish in particular. The main contentions I derive in this review are the following: Stressors affect fish reproduction in a variety of ways(More)
We investigated the effects of stress over the final stages of sexual maturation on the reproductive performance of female rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Stress was administered over the period of early vitellogenesis (1.5 mo), late vitellogenesis-final maturation (1.5 mo), or during both periods (3 mo). Each stress treatment and control was(More)
We describe the migration distances and timing of the adult Pacific lamprey, Entosphenus tridentatus, in the Willamette River Basin (Oregon, U.S.A.). We conducted aerial surveys to track radio-tagged fish upstream of a major waterfall and hydropower complex en route to spawning areas. We detected 24 out of the 43 fish that passed the waterfall-hydropower(More)
Plasma cortisol, thyroxine (T4), and triiodothyronine (T3) concentrations increased during seawater (SW) acclimation in yearling coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. Maximal concentrations of cortisol (220 ng/ml) occurred within 1.5 hr after the ambient water was changed from fresh water (FW) to SW; after 21 days in SW, cortisol levels were still slightly(More)
White sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) support an active fishery in the Columbia River, but there is poor reproductive success within the impounded sections. The poor reproductive success has been attributed to hydroelectric development; however, water pollution could be a significant factor. White sturgeon plasma, liver, and gonad samples were collected(More)
To better appreciate the mechanisms underlying the physiology of the stress response, an oligonucleotide microarray and real-time RT-PCR (QRT-PCR) were used to study gene expression in the livers of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). For increased confidence in the discovery of candidate genes responding to stress, we conducted two separate experiments(More)
The present study investigated whether the serotonergic system is involved in mediating the behavioral effects of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) in juvenile spring chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. An intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of CRH induced hyperactivity. The effect of CRH was potentiated in a dose-dependent manner by the(More)
The metabolic clearance rate of corticosteroids determined after a single injection of [3H]cortisol was higher in fish acclimated to seawater (SW) than in those acclimated to fresh water (FW). Uptake and retention of corticosteroids in liver, gill filaments, and gall bladder bile were greater in SW than in FW fish. The stress of long-term (5 days), but not(More)
This study sought to determine whether wild white sturgeon from the Columbia River (Oregon) were exhibiting signs of reproductive endocrine disruption. Fish were sampled in the free-flowing portion of the river (where the population is experiencing reproductive success) and from three reservoirs behind hydroelectric dams (where fish have reduced(More)