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We evaluated the ability of 5 muscle- or skin-dwelling parasites to persist in naturally infected coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch, from the West Fork Smith River, Oregon, by holding them in captivity from late summer to early spring (parr stage to the typical time of smoltification). These parasites included metacercariae of 3 digeneans, Nanophyetus(More)
Sex steroids were measured by radioimmunoassay in whole-body extracts of coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch, during early development and sexual differentiation. Profiles were developed for fish from the time of fertilization until 87 days postfertilization (dpf) for six steroids: testosterone (T), 11-ketotestosterone (KT), androstenedione (A), progesterone(More)
We investigated the effects of stress over the final stages of sexual maturation on the reproductive performance of female rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Stress was administered over the period of early vitellogenesis (1.5 mo), late vitellogenesis-final maturation (1.5 mo), or during both periods (3 mo). Each stress treatment and control was(More)
The present study investigated whether the serotonergic system is involved in mediating the behavioral effects of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) in juvenile spring chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. An intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of CRH induced hyperactivity. The effect of CRH was potentiated in a dose-dependent manner by the(More)
Androgen receptors were identified in the cytosol from ovaries of juvenile coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. The binding for the synthetic androgen mibolerone was specific and saturable (Kd = 0.32 +/- 0.02 nM; Bmax = 15.31 +/- 4.31 fmol/mg protein). Bound [3H]mibolerone was much higher in ovarian cytosol than in cytosolic extracts from heart, liver, and(More)
Concentrations of endogenous steroids and their glucuronide conjugates fluctuated during early development in steelhead trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Whole body content of sex steroids and steroid glucuronides of both bisexual and gynogenetic (all female) steelhead trout were quantified by radioimmunoassay. Concentrations of 17beta-estradiol (E2) and cortisol(More)
This study evaluated the effect of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) on locomotor activity, habitat choice, and social behavior in juvenile spring chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). An intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of CRH caused a dose-dependent increase in locomotor activity. The stimulatory effect of exogenous CRH on locomotor(More)
Whole body concentrations of cortisol were determined via radioimmunoassay in chinook salmon, Onchorynchus tshawytscha, during early development in both stressed and non-stressed fish to determine when the corticosteroidogenic stress response first appeared. Progeny from both pooled and individual females were examined to determine if differences existed in(More)
Plasma cortisol, thyroxine (T4), and triiodothyronine (T3) concentrations increased during seawater (SW) acclimation in yearling coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. Maximal concentrations of cortisol (220 ng/ml) occurred within 1.5 hr after the ambient water was changed from fresh water (FW) to SW; after 21 days in SW, cortisol levels were still slightly(More)