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Cognitive, developmental, and psychodynamic theories all hypothesize that negative self-concepts acquired in childhood may induce vulnerability to depression. Children at risk because of maternal major affective disorder, compared with children of medically ill and normal mothers, were examined for evidence of negative cognitions about themselves, and were(More)
Dysfunctional interactions between mothers with major affective disorders and their children may contribute to the children's high risk of disorder. This study investigated the behavior of mothers with recurrent unipolar depression, bipolar disorder, or chronic medical illness and of normal subjects toward their children during a directly observed conflict(More)
Stressful circumstances that covary with maternal affective disorder may account for some of the risk to children for psychological dysfunction. Children (ages 8-16) of mothers with unipolar or bipolar disorders were compared with children of mothers who had chronic medical illness and children of normal mothers. Comparisons included Kiddie-SADS (Schedule(More)
School-age children of unipolar depressed, bipolar, chronically medically ill, or normal women were diagnosed every 6 months for up to 3 years. Offspring of unipolar women had the highest rates of disorder at all evaluations, but children of bipolar and medically ill mothers also experienced significant rates of disorder. Observing diagnoses from both past(More)
Temporal associations of diagnoses in mothers and children were examined in a 3-year longitudinal study of unipolar, bipolar, and comparison women and their 8- to 16-year-old offspring. There was a significant temporal association between mother and child diagnoses, especially in unipolar families, and most children who experienced a major depressive(More)
Two hypotheses were tested: (a) One mechanism contributing to the high rate of disorder in children of women with affective disorders is elevated exposure to stressful events and conditions and (b) the children of depressed women, particularly women with unipolar depression, contribute to event occurrence because of increased interpersonal conflict. Life(More)
The ability to determine the identity of a skull found at a crime scene is of critical importance to the law enforcement community. Traditional clay-based methods attempt to reconstruct the face so as to enable identification of the deceased by members of the general public. However, these reconstructions lack consistency from practitioner to practitioner(More)
This article elaborates ways that using hypnosis may create special vulnerability for the clinician, not only to experiencing sexual feelings toward patients but also to becoming confused about the meaning of these feelings and their relevance to treatment, as well as about the maintenance of appropriate patient-clinician boundaries. Special qualities of(More)
AIMS To evaluate the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of faster-acting insulin aspart and insulin aspart in a randomized, single-centre, double-blind study. METHODS Fifty-two patients with type 1 diabetes (mean age 40.3 years) received faster-acting insulin aspart, insulin aspart, or another faster aspart formulation (not selected for further(More)