Carl A . Schnaitman

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From a historical perspective, the study of both the biochemistry and the genetics of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) synthesis began with the enteric bacteria. These organisms have again come to the forefront as the blocks of genes involved in LPS synthesis have been sequenced and analyzed. A number of new and unanticipated genes were found in these clusters,(More)
Treatment of rat liver mitochondria with digitonin followed by differential centrifugation was used to resolve the intramitochondrial localization of both soluble and particulate enzymes. Rat liver mitochondria were separated into three fractions: inner membrane plus matrix, outer membrane, and a soluble fraction containing enzymes localized between the(More)
Treatment of a partially purified preparation of cell walls of Escherichia coli with Triton X-100 at 23 C resulted in a solubilization of 15 to 25% of the protein. Examination of the Triton-insoluble material by electron microscopy indicated that the characteristic morphology of the cell wall was not affected by the Triton extraction. Contaminating(More)
Deletions which removed rfa genes involved in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) core synthesis were constructed in vitro and inserted into the chromosome by linear transformation. The deletion delta rfa1, which removed rfaGPBI, resulted in a truncated LPS core containing two heptose residues but no hexose and a deep rought phenotype including decreased expression of(More)
Analysis of the sequence of a 4.1-kb rfa region downstream from rfaP revealed four genes. The first of these encodes a basic protein of 36,730 Da and does not correspond to any known rfa gene. It has been designated rfaS. The second gene was identified as rfaB on the basis of its ability to complement a Salmonella typhimurium rfaB mutant and encodes a(More)
Controlled osmotic lysis (water-washing) of rat liver mitochondria results in a mixed population of small vesicles derived mainly from the outer mitochondrial membrane and of larger bodies containing a few cristae derived from the inner membrane. These elements have been separated on Ficoll and sucrose gradients. The small vesicles were rich in monoamine(More)
Envelope preparations obtained by passing Escherichia coli cells through a French pressure cell were separated by sucrose density gradient centrifugation into two distinct particulate fractions. The fraction with the higher density was enriched in fragments derived from the cell wall, as indicated by the high content of lipopolysaccharide, the low content(More)
Extraction of a partially purified preparation of cell walls from Escherichia coli with the nonionic detergent Triton X-100 removed all cytoplasmic membrane contamination but did not affect the normal morphology of the cell wall. This Triton-treated preparation, termed the "Triton-insoluble cell wall," contained all of the protein of the cell wall but only(More)
The outer membranes of several strains of Escherichia coli, other enteric bacteria, and a variety of nonenteric gram-negative bacteria all contain a major heat-modifiable protein similar to the OmpA protein of E. coli K-12. The heat-modifiable proteins from these bacteria resemble the K-12 protein in molecular weight, in preferential release from the outer(More)
In a recent paper we reported that monoamine oxidase (MAO) is localized on the outer membrane of rat liver mitochondria . We concluded that this enzymic activity could be used as a biochemical marker to monitor the physical separation of the outer membrane (OM), from the inner membrane plus matrix fraction (IMM), and from components housed between the(More)