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Treatment of a partially purified preparation of cell walls of Escherichia coli with Triton X-100 at 23 C resulted in a solubilization of 15 to 25% of the protein. Examination of the Triton-insoluble material by electron microscopy indicated that the characteristic morphology of the cell wall was not affected by the Triton extraction. Contaminating(More)
From a historical perspective, the study of both the biochemistry and the genetics of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) synthesis began with the enteric bacteria. These organisms have again come to the forefront as the blocks of genes involved in LPS synthesis have been sequenced and analyzed. A number of new and unanticipated genes were found in these clusters,(More)
Extraction of a partially purified preparation of cell walls from Escherichia coli with the nonionic detergent Triton X-100 removed all cytoplasmic membrane contamination but did not affect the normal morphology of the cell wall. This Triton-treated preparation, termed the "Triton-insoluble cell wall," contained all of the protein of the cell wall but only(More)
Deletions which removed rfa genes involved in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) core synthesis were constructed in vitro and inserted into the chromosome by linear transformation. The deletion delta rfa1, which removed rfaGPBI, resulted in a truncated LPS core containing two heptose residues but no hexose and a deep rought phenotype including decreased expression of(More)
An envelope preparation containing the cell wall and cytoplasmic membrane of Escherichia coli was obtained by breaking the cells with a French pressure cell and sedimentating the envelope fraction by ultracentrifugation. This fraction was prepared for polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis by dissolving the protein in an acidified N,N'-dimethylformamide,(More)
The outer membranes of several strains of Escherichia coli, other enteric bacteria, and a variety of nonenteric gram-negative bacteria all contain a major heat-modifiable protein similar to the OmpA protein of E. coli K-12. The heat-modifiable proteins from these bacteria resemble the K-12 protein in molecular weight, in preferential release from the outer(More)
Treatment of rat liver mitochondria with digitonin followed by differential centrifugation was used to resolve the intramitochondrial localization of both soluble and particulate enzymes. Rat liver mitochondria were separated into three fractions: inner membrane plus matrix, outer membrane, and a soluble fraction containing enzymes localized between the(More)
Protein 1, a major protein of the outer membrane of Escherichia coli, has been shown to be the pore allowing the passage of small hydrophilic solutes across the outer membrane. In E. coli K-12 protein 1 consists of two subspecies, 1a and 1b, whereas in E. coli B it consists of a single species which has an electrophoretic mobility similar to that of 1a.(More)
The OmpC, OmpF, and Lc (NmpC) porin proteins of Escherichia coli K-12 have been shown to be similar to the OmpC (36K), OmpF (35K) and OmpD (34K) porin proteins of Salmnella typhimurium LT2 in terms of function, regulation of expression, and, in the case of OmpC and OmpF proteins, equivalence of the genetic loci determining their production. However, the(More)