Learn More
S-Alkyl, S-aryl, and S-vinyl thiosulfate sodium salts (Bunte salts) react with Grignard reagents to give sulfides in good yields. The S-alkyl Bunte salts are prepared from odorless sodium thiosulfate by an SN2 reaction with alkyl halides. A Cu-catalyzed coupling of sodium thiosulfate with aryl and vinyl halides was developed to access S-aryl and S-vinyl(More)
11-Ethyl-5,11-dihydro-5-methyl-8-[2-[(1-oxido-4-quinolinyl)oxy] ethyl]-6H-dipyrido[3,2-b:2',3'-e][1,4]diazepin-6-one (BILR 355) is an inhibitor of the human immunodeficiency virus-1. BILR 355 exhibited a nonlinear pharmacokinetic profile and low exposure after oral administration to humans. This article describes the in vitro metabolism of BILR 355, which(More)
Faldaprevir is a hepatitis C virus protease inhibitor that effectively reduces viral load in patients. Since faldaprevir exhibits slow metabolism in vitro and low clearance in vivo, metabolism was expected to be a minor clearance pathway. The human [(14)C] absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion study revealed that two monohydroxylated(More)
An imidazo[4,5-h]isoquinolin-7,9-dione (1) was identified as an adenosine 5'-triphosphate competitive inhibitor of lck by high throughput screening. Initial structure-activity relationship studies identified the dichlorophenyl ring and the imide NH as important pharmacophores. A binding model was constructed to understand how 1 binds to a related kinase,(More)
A highly convergent large scale synthesis of a 15-membered macrocyclic hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease inhibitor BI 201302 was achieved, in which the key features are the practical macrocyclization by Ru-catalyzed ring-closing metathesis (0.1 mol % Grela catalyst, 0.1-0.2 M concentration) and the efficient sulfone-mediated SNAr reaction.
A series of 4,5-dihydro-3-[2-(methanesulfonamidophenyl)ethyl]-1-phenyl- 1H-2,4-benzodiazepines has been identified as potential antiarrhythmic agents that interact at the delayed rectifier myocardial potassium channels (IKr) and prolong the ventricular effective refractory period (ERP) in rabbit isolated Langendorff heart preparations. Structure-activity(More)
[structure: see text] The new BIPI ligands are phosphinoimidazolines that can be electronically tuned in three different ligand regions to explore electronic effects in asymmetric catalysis. Their application to the asymmetric Heck reaction (AHR) in the creation of a chiral quaternary center is described. Enantioselectivity is shown for the first time to(More)
[reaction: see text] Diisobutylaluminum hydride (DIBAL-H) and triisobutylaluminum have been found to be outstanding reductants for secondary phosphine oxides (SPOs). All classes of SPOs can be readily reduced, including diaryl, arylalkyl, and dialkyl members. Many SPOs can now be reduced at cryogenic temperatures, and conditions for preservation of(More)
We report here that dramatic improvement of the key RCM reaction in the synthesis of HCV protease inhibitor BILN2061 can be achieved by N-substitution of the diene substrate with an electron-withdrawing group. Mechanistic studies using 1H NMR spectroscopy showed an unprecedented switch of the initiation sites and the correlation between such switch and the(More)
A sequential allyl vinyl ether formation-Claisen rearrangement process catalyzed by a palladium(II)-phenanthroline complex is reported. The effects of allylic alcohol structure, type of vinylating agent, and palladium catalysts are discussed. This method provides a convenient approach to gamma,delta-unsaturated aldehydes under mild conditions that avoid the(More)