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The efficacy of academic-mind-set interventions has been demonstrated by small-scale, proof-of-concept interventions, generally delivered in person in one school at a time. Whether this approach could be a practical way to raise school achievement on a large scale remains unknown. We therefore delivered brief growth-mind-set and sense-of-purpose(More)
There are many promising psychological interventions on the horizon, but there is no clear methodology for preparing them to be scaled up. Drawing on design thinking, the present research formalizes a methodology for redesigning and tailoring initial interventions. We test the methodology using the case of fixed versus growth mindsets during the transition(More)
Adolescents face many academic and emotional challenges in middle school, but notable differences are evident in how well they adapt. What predicts adolescents' academic and emotional outcomes during this period? One important factor might be adolescents' implicit theories about whether intelligence and emotions can change. The current study examines how(More)
In laboratory studies, praising children's effort encourages them to adopt incremental motivational frameworks--they believe ability is malleable, attribute success to hard work, enjoy challenges, and generate strategies for improvement. In contrast, praising children's inherent abilities encourages them to adopt fixed-ability frameworks. Does the praise(More)
We work with schools and researchers around the country to identify, evaluate, and disseminate scalable practices that shift students' mindsets and increase academic motivation and resilience. Our goal in building the Mindset Kit – a set of free, online resources – is to help educators and parents understand what learning mindsets are, why they are(More)
The goal of this study was to seek the potential relationship between interpersonal competitiveness and improvement in reaction time in a visual search task. Interpersonal competitiveness is a desire to win or do better than others. The participants' interpersonal competitiveness was measured using the Competitiveness Index (CI), which measures(More)
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