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Peroxisomes are organelles that perform diverse metabolic functions in different organisms, but a common function is β-oxidation of a variety of long chain aliphatic, branched, and aromatic carboxylic acids. Import of substrates into peroxisomes for β-oxidation is mediated by ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporter proteins of subfamily D, which includes the(More)
COMATOSE (CTS), the plant homologue of Adrenoleukodystrophy protein, is a full length ABC transporter localized in peroxisomes. In a recent article, we reported that the two-nucleotide binding domains of CTS are not functionally equivalent in vivo. Mutations in conserved residues in the Walker A (K487A) and B (D606N) motifs of NBD1 resulted in a null(More)
The Arabidopsis ABC transporter Comatose (CTS; AtABCD1) is required for uptake into the peroxisome of a wide range of substrates for β-oxidation, but it is uncertain whether CTS itself is the transporter or if the transported substrates are free acids or CoA esters. To establish a system for its biochemical analysis, CTS was expressed in Saccharomyces(More)
The ADP/ATP carrier (AAC) that facilitates the translocation of ATP made in mitochondria is inserted at the inner mitochondrial membrane by the TIM10-TIM22 protein import system. Here we addressed the state of the AAC precursor during insertion (stage IV of import) and identified residues of the carrier important for dimerization. By a combination of (i)(More)
Delivery of proteins to the lytic vacuole in plants is a complex cascade of selective interactions that specifically excludes residents of the endoplasmic reticulum and secreted proteins. Vacuolar transport must be highly efficient to avoid mistargeting of hydrolytic enzymes to locations where they could be harmful. While plant vacuolar sorting signals have(More)
ABC (ATP-binding cassette) subfamily D transporters are found in all eukaryotic kingdoms and are known to play essential roles in mammals and plants; however, their number, organization and physiological contexts differ. Via cross-kingdom expression experiments, we have explored the conservation of targeting, protein stability and function between mammalian(More)
The PEX11 family of peroxisome membrane proteins have been shown to be involved in regulation of peroxisome size and number in plant, animals, and yeast cells. We and others have previously suggested that peroxisome proliferation as a result of abiotic stress may be important in plant stress responses, and recently it was reported that several rice PEX11(More)
The mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier, or Ancp, is a member of the mitochondrial carrier family (MCF). It exchanges ADP and ATP between matrix and intermembrane space. It is postulated from numerous experiments that the inactive Ancp bound to one of its inhibitors (CATR or BA) is a dimer, and it is inferred that the active unit is a dimer, too. However, the(More)
The mitochondrial adenine nucleotide carrier, or Ancp, plays a key role in the maintenance of the energetic fluxes in eukaryotic cells. Human disorders have been found associated to unusual human ANC gene (HANC) expression but also to direct inactivation of the protein, either by autoantibody binding or by mutation. However, the individual biochemical(More)
The small Tims chaperone hydrophobic precursors across the mitochondrial intermembrane space. Tim9 and Tim10 form the soluble TIM10 complex that binds precursors exiting from the outer membrane. Tim12 functions downstream, as the only small Tim peripherally attached on the inner membrane. We show that Tim12 has an intrinsic affinity for inner mitochondrial(More)