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Roundup is the major herbicide used worldwide, in particular on genetically modified plants that have been designed to tolerate it. We have tested the toxicity and endocrine disruption potential of Roundup (Bioforce on human embryonic 293 and placental-derived JEG3 cells, but also on normal human placenta and equine testis. The cell lines have proven to be(More)
BACKGROUND Worldwide used pesticides containing different adjuvants like Roundup formulations, which are glyphosate-based herbicides, can provoke some in vivo toxicity and in human cells. These pesticides are commonly found in the environment, surface waters and as food residues of Roundup tolerant genetically modified plants. In order to know their effects(More)
Use of many pesticide products poses the problem of their effects on environment and health. Amongst them, the effects of glyphosate with its adjuvants and its by-products are regularly discussed. The aim of the present study was to shed light on the real impact on biodiversity and ecosystems of Roundup®, a major herbicide used worldwide, and the glyphosate(More)
The major herbicide used worldwide, Roundup, is a glyphosate-based pesticide with adjuvants. Glyphosate, its active ingredient in plants and its main metabolite (AMPA) are among the first contaminants of surface waters. Roundup is being used increasingly in particular on genetically modified plants grown for food and feed that contain its residues. Here we(More)
BACKGROUND Pollutants representative of common environmental contaminants induce intracellular toxicity in human cells, which is generally amplified in combinations. We wanted to test the common pathways of intoxication and detoxification in human embryonic and liver cell lines. We used various pollutants such as Roundup residues, Bisphenol-A and Atrazine,(More)
Sertoli cells and germ cells are separated from the interstitial blood capillaries by an extracellular matrix and the peritubular cells, which constitute a barrier to the movement of plasma lipoproteins. The present study was undertaken to evaluate in vivo and in vitro the high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesteryl ester transfer from plasma to seminiferous(More)
Male contribution to the couple's infertility is at first evaluated by the routine examination of semen parameters upon optical microscopy providing valuable information for a rational initial diagnosis and for a clinical management of infertility. But the different forms of infertility defined according to the WHO criteria especially teratozoospermia are(More)
Rat HDL are known to increase testosterone production by cultured Leydig cells either following gonadotropin stimulation or cholesteryl ester depletion. However, rat HDL contain apolipoprotein E and have a high affinity for the members of the low density receptor family such as LDL receptor, LDL receptor related protein and VLDL receptor. In contrast with(More)
Capacitation is a prerequisite for mammalian spermatozoa to fertilize oocytes. Lipids play a crucial role in the structural and functional organization of sperm plasma membrane. Lipid and membrane protein ordering changes dramatically during sperm capacitation but the resulting effects differ according to the regions of the sperm head. Lipids modifications(More)
Efficient syntheses of new DHEA analogues, and their apoptotic and necrotic effects on Leydig cells and TM4 Sertoli cells are described. The key step in the synthetic strategy of 7-amino-DHEA derivatives involves a bromination on C-7 position to give an epimeric mixture of bromides which were substituted by azides and reduced to give 7alpha- and(More)