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This study examined the possibility that membrane phospholipids might be a source of choline used for acetylcholine (ACh) synthesis. Slices of rat striatum or cerebellum were superfused with a choline-free or choline-containing (10, 20 or 40 microM) physiological solution with eserine, for alternating 20 min periods of rest or electrical stimulation.(More)
It has been hypothesized that the selective vulnerability of certain brain cholinergic neurons in Alzheimer's disease may reflect the unique way that choline is utilized by these neurons, i.e. not only as a component of major membrane phospholipids, e.g. phosphatidylcholine (PC), but also as a precursor of their neurotransmitter, acetylcholine (ACh). A(More)
The rates at which brain neurons synthesize and release serotonin depend in part on brain tryptophan concentrations; these, in turn, vary directly with serum (or plasma) tryptophan, and inversely with the serum concentrations of other large neutral amino acids (LNAA). Concentrations of serum tryptophan, LNAA and brain indoles were examined in samples drawn(More)
BACKGROUND Widespread but particularly incident in the tropics, leptospirosis is transmitted to humans directly or indirectly by virtually any Mammal species. However, rodents are recognized as the most important reservoir. In endemic regions, seasonal outbreaks are observed during hot rainy periods. In such regions, hot spots can be evidenced, where(More)
The effects of long-term isolation of young adult male rats on the analgesic effects of morphine were investigated. Isolated rats developed altered patterns of behavior, including muricidal behavior in some animals. Analgesic activity of morphine was assessed with both the tail compression and the hot plate methods. The results indicate that chronically(More)
Background: Leptospirosis is a growing public health concern in many tropical and subtropical countries. However, its diagnosis is difficult because of non-specific symptoms and concurrent other endemic febrile diseases. In many regions, the laboratory diagnosis is not available due to a lack of preparedness and simple diagnostic assay or difficult access(More)
We aimed to evaluate parameters for their value as severity markers in hospitalized leptospirosis patients. We recruited 47 informed adult consenting patients and assessed a number of clinical, hematological, biochemical, and biological variables. Patients were sorted according to severity based on fatality or the requirement of mechanical ventilation or(More)
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