Carine Ferrand

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In order to study the effects of dietary lipids and vitamin A on the development of adipose tissues, young rats were submitted for 8 d to a control or to two cafeteria diets with normal (Caf) or higher (Caf + ) vitamin A levels. Retinoid (retinoic acid receptor (RAR) a, RARg, retinoid X receptor(RXR) alpha) and fatty acid (PPARgamma) receptor mRNA was(More)
Tomato is an essential crop in terms of economic importance and nutritional quality. In France, the third most important region for tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) production is Aquitaine where the major part of production is now grown soilless under greenhouse conditions with harvest from March to November. Tomato fruit quality at harvest is a direct(More)
Sorbic acid has a system of conjugated double bonds which makes it able to undergo nucleophilic addition reactions with certain functions. The interactions between sorbic acid and an amine present in the endogenous constituents of food were quantified. We demonstrated the formation of new products and studied the underlying mechanisms using ethyl sorbate(More)
Sorbic acid (E200) and its salts (potassium and calcium sorbate: E202 and E203) are allowed for use as preservatives in numerous processed foods. Sorbic acid has a conjugated system of double bonds which makes it susceptible to nucleophilic attack, sometimes giving mutagenic products. Under conditions typical of food processing (50-80 degrees C), we(More)
GDP-D-mannose epimerase (GME, EC 5.1.3.18) converts GDP-D-mannose to GDP-L-galactose, and is considered to be a central enzyme connecting the major ascorbate biosynthesis pathway to primary cell wall metabolism in higher plants. Our previous work demonstrated that GME is crucial for both ascorbate and cell wall biosynthesis in tomato. The aim of the present(More)
Sorbic acid as well as potassium and calcium sorbate (E202 and E203) are legally used as preservatives in numerous processed foods. Owing to its system of conjugated double bonds, sorbic acid is likely to undergo a nucleophilic attack, which may turn it into mutagenic products. The cyclic derivatives resulting from a double addition reaction between sorbic(More)
Sorbic acid has a system of conjugated double bonds which makes it able to undergo nucleophilic addition reactions with certain functions. The interactions between sorbic acid and amine functions present in the endogenous constituents of food were quantified. The formation of new products was demonstrated and the underlying mechanisms studied using ethyl(More)
Oxidation control is necessary to manage the evolution of complex biological system, particularly in food whose degradation could have consequences on food security. After description of context and oxidation mechanisms, several analytical methods to evaluate the additive antioxidant potential are presented. This evaluation is performed either by(More)
Potassium sorbate can undergo oxidation to form carbonyl moieties and cause browning. This investigation studied the fate of the compounds produced by auto-oxidation of potassium sorbate and measured the browning in the presence of amines. Experimental plans in which four factors were combined (temperature, oxygen, amine and light) led to the observation(More)
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