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Percent breast density (PBD), a commonly used biomarker of breast cancer risk (BCR), is confounded by the influence of non-dense breast tissue on its measurement and factors, such as BMI, which have an impact on non-dense tissue. Consequently, BMI, a potent BCR factor, is, paradoxically, negatively correlated with PBD. We propose that absolute breast(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The antiestrogen, Raloxifene (Ral) is an effective breast cancer chemopreventive agent. Omega-3 fatty acids (n-3FA) may inhibit mammary carcinogenesis. On the basis of their mechanisms of action, we test the hypothesis that a combination of n-3FA and Ral may be superior in reducing select biomarkers of breast cancer risk in women. (More)
e11036 Background: Prevention represents the most effective approach to reducing mortality from breast cancer. To translate our preclinical findings in this regard we are conducting a 2-year randomized clinical trial in healthy postmenopausal women with increased breast cancer risk based on breast density (>25%). METHODS We are studying the effects of(More)
Obesity as well as bariatric surgery may increase the risk for vitamin D deficiency. We retrospectively compared vitamin D levels in obese patients (n = 123) prior to bariatric surgery and 1 year postoperatively. We also evaluated parathyroid hormone levels (PTH) 1 year after surgery. A higher percentage of patients had baseline vitamin D deficiency (86%),(More)
Despite the perception that omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 FA) protect against breast cancer, epidemiologic studies have yielded inconsistent results. Although preclinical data have been, in general, more supportive of a protective effect of n-3 FA on breast cancer, inconsistencies still remain, which preclude definite conclusions or in-depth mechanistic(More)
BACKGROUND Lenalidomide is an immunomodulatory drug frequently used for treatment of patients with multiple myeloma and myelodysplastic syndromes. This report presents a rare case of lenalidomide-associated hepatotoxicity and reviews the available literature. CASE REPORT A 67-year-old male with multiple myeloma was hospitalized with nausea, vomiting and(More)
Preclinical data indicate that omega-3 fatty acids (n-3FA) potentiate the chemopreventive effect of the antiestrogen (AE) tamoxifen against mammary carcinogenesis. The role of n-3FA in breast cancer prevention in humans is controversial. Preclinical and epidemiologic data suggest that n-3FA may be preferentially protective in obese subjects. To directly(More)
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