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The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a poikilothermic animal living at temperatures between 2-15 degrees C. Isolated cod brain tubulin is, in contrast to mammalian brain tubulin, posttranslationally modified by acetylation to a high extent. To investigate the role of acetylation in cold adaptation, microtubules were isolated by a taxol-dependent procedure(More)
This study was performed to investigate stress effects on the synthesis of egg yolk precursor, vitellogenin (Vtg) in Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus). In particular the effect of cortisol (F) was determined since this stress hormone has been suggested to interfere with vitellogenesis and is upregulated during sexual maturation in teleosts. Arctic char Vtg(More)
Microtubule proteins were isolated by a temperature-dependent assembly-disassembly method from brain tissue of for cold-temperature fish; one fresh water fish (Oncorhynchus mykiss), and three marine fish (Labrus berggylta, Zoarces viviparus and Gadus morhua). The alpha-tubulins from all four fish species were acetylated. The alpha-tubulins from the marine(More)
The developing oocyte is surrounded by an acellular envelope that is composed of 2-4 isoforms of zona pellucida (ZP) proteins. The ZP proteins comprise the ZP1, ZP2, ZP3, and ZPX isoforms. While ZP1 (ZPB) and ZP3 (ZPC) are present in all species, ZP2 (ZPA) is not found in teleost fish and ZPX is not found in mammals. In the present study, we identify and(More)
The risk posed by complex chemical mixtures in the environment to wildlife and humans is increasingly debated, but has been rarely tested under environmentally relevant scenarios. To address this issue, two mixtures of 14 or 19 substances of concern (pesticides, pharmaceuticals, heavy metals, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, a surfactant, and a plasticizer), each(More)
Although 11-ketotestosterone is a potent androgen and induces male secondary sex characteristics in many teleosts, androgen receptors with high binding affinity for 11-ketotestosterone or preferential activation by 11-ketotestosterone have not been identified. So, the mechanism by which 11-ketotestosterone exhibits such high potency remains unclear.(More)
Isolated microtubule proteins from the cold-adapted fish, Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), assemble at temperatures between 8 and 30 degrees C, while avian and mammalian microtubules normally do not assemble at temperatures below 20 degrees C. Tubulin, the main component in microtubules, is expressed as many isotypes. Microtubules with different isotype(More)
Isolated cod brain microtubules from the cold-adapted Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) have previously been shown to be highly detyrosinated, a post-translational modification of tubulin usually found in stable subsets of microtubules. In this study we found this was not restricted only to isolated brain microtubules. Microtubules in primary cultures of brain(More)
The oocyte vitelline envelope (VE) of gilthead seabream is composed of four known zona pellucida (ZP) proteins, ZPBa, ZPBb, ZPC, and ZPX. We have previously shown that the gilthead seabream ZP proteins are differentially transcribed in liver and ovary, with the expression in liver being under estrogenic control. However, although mRNA was found in both(More)
Previously we have identified a distal region of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) metallothionein-A (rtMT-A) enhancer region, being essential for free radical activation of the rtMT-A gene. The distal promoter region included four activator protein 1 (AP1) cis-acting elements and a single nuclear factor interleukin-6 (NF-IL6) element. In the present(More)