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This study was performed to investigate stress effects on the synthesis of egg yolk precursor, vitellogenin (Vtg) in Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus). In particular the effect of cortisol (F) was determined since this stress hormone has been suggested to interfere with vitellogenesis and is upregulated during sexual maturation in teleosts. Arctic char Vtg(More)
The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a poikilothermic animal living at temperatures between 2-15 degrees C. Isolated cod brain tubulin is, in contrast to mammalian brain tubulin, posttranslationally modified by acetylation to a high extent. To investigate the role of acetylation in cold adaptation, microtubules were isolated by a taxol-dependent procedure(More)
Microtubules from neural tissues of the Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, and of several species of Antarctic teleosts are composed of tubulin and several microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs), one of which has an apparent molecular weight of approximately 400-430 kDa. Because its apparent molecular weight exceeds those of the MAP 1 proteins, we designate this(More)
The incorporation of brominated flame retardants into industrial and household appliances has increased their occurrence in the environment, resulting in deleterious effects on wildlife. With the increasing restraints on available compounds, there has been a shift to using brominated flame retardants that has seen the production of alternative brominated(More)
The developing oocyte is surrounded by an acellular envelope that is composed of 2-4 isoforms of zona pellucida (ZP) proteins. The ZP proteins comprise the ZP1, ZP2, ZP3, and ZPX isoforms. While ZP1 (ZPB) and ZP3 (ZPC) are present in all species, ZP2 (ZPA) is not found in teleost fish and ZPX is not found in mammals. In the present study, we identify and(More)
Microtubule proteins were isolated by a temperature-dependent assembly-disassembly method from brain tissue of for cold-temperate fish; one fresh water fish (Oncorhynchus mykiss), and three marine fish (Labrus berggylta, Zoarces viviparus andGadus morhua). The α-tubulins from all four fish species were acetylated. The α-tubulins from the marine fish were(More)
Although 11-ketotestosterone is a potent androgen and induces male secondary sex characteristics in many teleosts, androgen receptors with high binding affinity for 11-ketotestosterone or preferential activation by 11-ketotestosterone have not been identified. So, the mechanism by which 11-ketotestosterone exhibits such high potency remains unclear.(More)
The risk posed by complex chemical mixtures in the environment to wildlife and humans is increasingly debated, but has been rarely tested under environmentally relevant scenarios. To address this issue, two mixtures of 14 or 19 substances of concern (pesticides, pharmaceuticals, heavy metals, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, a surfactant, and a plasticizer), each(More)
Isolated microtubule proteins from the cold-adapted fish, Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), assemble at temperatures between 8 and 30 degrees C, while avian and mammalian microtubules normally do not assemble at temperatures below 20 degrees C. Tubulin, the main component in microtubules, is expressed as many isotypes. Microtubules with different isotype(More)
Isolated cod brain microtubules from the cold-adapted Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) have previously been shown to be highly detyrosinated, a post-translational modification of tubulin usually found in stable subsets of microtubules. In this study we found this was not restricted only to isolated brain microtubules. Microtubules in primary cultures of brain(More)