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We identified a tumor-associated cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitope derived from the widely expressed human MDM2 oncoprotein and were able to bypass self-tolerance to this tumor antigen in HLA-A*0201 (A2.1) transgenic mice and by generating A2.1-negative, allo-A2.1–restricted human T lymphocytes. A broad range of malignant, as opposed to nontransformed(More)
T cells with specificity for antigens derived from Wilms Tumor gene (WT1), Proteinase3 (Pr3), and mucin1 (MUC1) have been demonstrated to lyse acute myeloid leukemia (AML) blasts and multiple-myeloma (MM) cells, and strategies to enhance or induce such tumor-specific T cells by vaccination are currently being explored in multiple clinical trials. To test(More)
T cells are extremely sensitive in their ability to find minute amounts of antigenic peptide in the midst of many endogenous peptides presented on an antigen-presenting cell. The role of endogenous peptides in the recognition of foreign peptide and hence in T cell activation has remained controversial for CD8(+) T cell activation. We showed previously that(More)
Recent work has demonstrated that nonstimulatory endogenous peptides can enhance T cell recognition of antigen, but MHCI- and MHCII-restricted systems have generated very different results. MHCII-restricted TCRs need to interact with the nonstimulatory peptide-MHC (pMHC), showing peptide specificity for activation enhancers or coagonists. In contrast, the(More)
Growing evidence indicates that multiple myeloma (MM) and other malignancies are susceptible to CTL-based immune interventions. We studied whether transcription factors inherently involved in the terminal differentiation of mature B lymphocytes into malignant and nonmalignant plasma cells provide MM-associated CTL epitopes. HLA-A*0201 (A2.1) transgenic mice(More)
Peptides presented by class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules and derived from normal self-proteins that are expressed at elevated levels by cells from a variety of human (Hu) malignancies provide, in theory, potential target antigens for a broad-spectrum, cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)-based immunotherapy of cancer and hematologic(More)
The human tyrosinase (hTyr) (369-377) cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitope is presented by malignant melanoma and various nontransformed cells in association with human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A*0201 (A2.1) and used for vaccination-based immunotherapy of melanoma patients. Its mouse homologue, mTyr (369-377), is naturally processed and bound by A2.1 with(More)
We report a distinct microenvironment within the nuclear envelope (NE) in living cells revealed by a spectral shift of the fluorescent dye FM4-64 (N-(3-triethylammoniumpropyl)-4-(p-diethylaminophenylhexatrienyl)-pyridinium 2Br). The dye readily translocated to the NE at physiological temperature where it exhibited enhanced fluorescence when excited at(More)
The use of appropriate fluorescent proteins has allowed the use of FRET microscopy for investigation of intermolecular interactions in living cells. This method has the advantage of both being dynamic and of working at the subcellular level, so that the time and place where proteins interact can be visualized. We have used FRET microscopy to analyze the(More)