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OBJECTIVE Long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) contribute to metabolic homeostasis in part via gene regulation. This study's objective was to identify novel LCFA target genes in human skeletal muscle cells (myotubes). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In vitro methods included culture and treatment of human myotubes and C2C12 cells, gene array analysis, real-time(More)
High nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations, as observed in the metabolic syndrome, trigger apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Since endothelial apoptosis may contribute to atherothrombosis, we studied the apoptotic susceptibility of human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) toward selected NEFAs and the underlying(More)
Saturated long-chain fatty acids (SFAs) exert unfavourable metabolic effects (lipotoxicity) and induce apoptotic cell death (lipoapoptosis) in certain cell-types. Their contribution to inflammatory cell responses is unclear. We studied the expression of 113 inflammatory genes in human coronary artery endothelial cells (hCAECs) and their regulation by SFAs(More)
We report the case of a 20-year-old male Caucasian patient with diagnosed nephrocalcinosis and a medical history of seizures and recurrent urinary tract infections. Laboratory investigations revealed clinical and biochemical abnormalities characteristic of familial hypomagnesemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis (FHHNC). Since FHHNC is caused by(More)
BACKGROUND Thiazolidinediones as PPARgamma agonists and fibrates as PPARalpha agonists improve insulin sensitivity in insulin-responsive tissues. Recent data show an induction of adiponectin receptor 2 (AdipoR2) by PPARalpha and PPARgamma agonists in human macrophages. OBJECTIVE In this study, we examined the effects of thiazolidinediones and fibrates on(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS The transcriptional coactivator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1alpha) enhances metabolically relevant pathways, such as gluconeogenesis, fatty acid oxidation, thermogenesis, oxidative phosphorylation and mitochondrial biogenesis. Since regulation of the expression of the gene encoding PGC-1alpha(More)
Apoptosis is involved in the development and progression of atherosclerotic lesions. Protein kinase C (PKC) signalling is of importance in atherosclerosis as well as apoptosis. Therefore, we tested the involvement of PKC in lipid-induced apoptosis of human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC). Protein expression of PKC isoforms alpha, beta I, delta,(More)
Insulin detemir (DET) represents a myristic acid (MA)-coupled insulin derivative with protracted action due to reversible albumin binding. As compared to human insulin (HI), DET provokes no or only minor body weight gain in vivo. Therefore, we compared DET's and HI's adipogenic effects. 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were differentiated with 5 nmol/l HI, 5 nmol/l DET(More)
B-cell failure at the onset of type 2 diabetes is caused by a decline in β-cell function in the postprandial state and loss of pancreatic β-cell mass. Recently, we showed an association between increased insulin secretion and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), SNP rs12686676, in the NR4A3 gene locus encoding the nuclear receptor Nor-1. Nor-1 is(More)
Elevated plasma concentrations of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), due to high fat intake and/or adipose tissue lipolysis, are a hallmark of the metabolic syndrome. We assessed whether certain plasma NEFA species contribute to the chronic low-grade inflammatory state seen in the metabolic syndrome. We determined the fasting plasma NEFA patterns of 75(More)