Carina Gileadi

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As a result of screening a large number of essential oils from Israeli aromatic plants and their biologically active constituents, we isolated two oils with high activity against several stored-product insects. In this study the effect of these compounds on the acetylcholinesterase and the octopamine systems in insects was studied in order to elucidate(More)
Regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins accelerate GTP hydrolysis by Galpha subunits and thus facilitate termination of signaling initiated by G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). RGS proteins hold great promise as disease intervention points, given their signature role as negative regulators of GPCRs-receptors to which the largest fraction of(More)
The iron- and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent oxygenases constitute a phylogenetically conserved class of enzymes that catalyze hydroxylation reactions in humans by acting on various types of substrates, including metabolic intermediates, amino acid residues in different proteins and various types of nucleic acids. The discovery of jumonji (Jmj), the founding(More)
The Jumonji C lysine demethylases (KDMs) are 2-oxoglutarate- and Fe(II)-dependent oxygenases. KDM6A (UTX) and KDM6B (JMJD3) are KDM6 subfamily members that catalyze demethylation of N(ϵ)-methylated histone 3 lysine 27 (H3K27), a mark important for transcriptional repression. Despite reports stating that UTY(KDM6C) is inactive as a KDM, we demonstrate by(More)
Vitamin B(12) (cobalamin, Cbl) is essential to the function of two human enzymes, methionine synthase (MS) and methylmalonyl-CoA mutase (MUT). The conversion of dietary Cbl to its cofactor forms, methyl-Cbl (MeCbl) for MS and adenosyl-Cbl (AdoCbl) for MUT, located in the cytosol and mitochondria, respectively, requires a complex pathway of intracellular(More)
The quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) of octopaminergic agonists responsible for the inhibition of sex-pheromone production in Helicoverpa [corrected] armigera, was analyzed using physicochemical parameters, molecular shape analysis (MSA), molecular field analysis (MFA), and receptor surface model (RSM), respectively. The dose-response(More)
Three-dimensional pharmacophore hypotheses were built on the basis of a set of nine octopamine (OA) agonists responsible for the inhibition of sex-pheromone production in Helicoverpa armigera. Of the 10 models generated by the program Catalyst/Hypo, hypotheses including hydrogen-bond acceptor (HBA), hydrophobic (Hp), and hydrophobic aliphatic (HpAl)(More)
Preparations of beta-adrenergic receptor and Gs from turkey erythrocytes were delipidated by previously developed procedures. Three synthetic phospholipids, dioleoylglycerophosphoethanolamine, dioleoylglycerophosphocholine and dioleoylglycerophosphoserine plus an unphosphorylated lipid, were all required to restore receptor-mediated activation of Gs by(More)
PDZ domains are protein-protein interaction modules that generally bind to the C termini of their target proteins. The C-terminal four amino acids of a prospective binding partner of a PDZ domain are typically the determinants of binding specificity. In an effort to determine the structures of a number of PDZ domains we have included appropriate four(More)
N(ε)-Methylations of histone lysine residues play critical roles in cell biology by "marking" chromatin for transcriptional activation or repression. Lysine demethylases reverse N(ε)-methylation in a sequence- and methylation-selective manner. The determinants of sequence selectivity for histone demethylases have been unclear. The human JMJD2 (KDM4) H3K9(More)