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Germ-line mutations in the p53 gene predispose individuals to Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS). The cell cycle checkpoint kinases CHK1 and CHK2 act upstream of p53 in DNA damage responses, and recently rare germ-line mutations in CHK2 were reported in LFS families. We have analyzed CHK1, CHK2, and p53 genes for mutations in 44 Finnish families with LFS,(More)
Certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV), notably HPV type 16, are associated with flat or inverted proliferative lesions of the cervix uteri that can progress to malignancy. As a first step towards the serological study of the epidemiology of HPV, we have synthesized the entire amino acid sequences of the 2 major viral capsid proteins of HPV type 16, L1(More)
The epidemiology of cervical cancer indicates the presence of a sexually transmitted risk factor, attributable at least in part to infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 or 18. We performed a seroepidemiological study of HPV and cervical cancer in the counties of Västerbotten and Norrbotten in Northern Sweden, a low-risk area for cervical cancer.(More)
A panel of 24 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) was generated against human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18 L1 virus-like particles (VLPs). The MAbs were screened for reactivity to a variety of VLPs prepared from HPV-6, -11, -16, -18, -31, -33, -35, and -45, cottontail rabbit papillomavirus, bovine papillomavirus type 1, and a set of 35 overlapping(More)
Established Human Papillomavirus (HPV) types, up to HPV202, belong to 49 species in five genera. International standardization in classification and quality standards for HPV type designation and detection is ensured by the International HPV Reference Center. The center i) receives clones of potentially novel HPV types, re-clones and re-sequences them. If(More)
Accurate and internationally comparable human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA genotyping is essential both for evaluation of HPV vaccines and for effective monitoring and implementation of vaccination programs. The World Health Organization (WHO) HPV Laboratory Network (LabNet) regularly issues international proficiency studies. The 2010 HPV genotyping proficiency(More)
BACKGROUND Several sexually transmitted infections (STI) have been reported to interact with human papillomavirus (HPV) in the etiology of cervical cancer. A large cohort study is required to obtain a both unbiased and stable estimate of their effects. METHODS Four major biobanks in the Nordic Countries containing samples from about 1,000,000 subjects(More)
Internationally comparable quality assurance of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) DNA detection and typing methods is essential for evaluation of HPV vaccines and effective monitoring and implementation of HPV vaccination programs. Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) HPV Laboratory Network (LabNet) designed an international proficiency study. Following(More)
In a seroepidemiological study of incident cervical cancer, 94 cases and 188 population-based controls were used to evaluate the disease-association of IgG and IgA antibody responses against 6 human papillomavirus (HPV) type-16 antigens. Nine of the tested antibody responses were positively associated with cervical cancer, with odds ratios (ORs) ranging(More)
To perform an epidemiological evaluation of the predictive value of p53 autoantibodies in breast cancer, we measured antibodies against p53 in serum samples from 165 breast cancer patients in comparison with serum samples from 330 healthy controls, selected from the same population as the cases and matched for age, sex and specimen storage time. Median age(More)