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We describe the molecular characterization of the Drosophila gene crumbs, which encodes an integral membrane protein with 30 EGF-like repeats in the extracellular part and exhibits a striking expression pattern. The protein is exclusively localized on the apical membranes of epithelial cells and concentrated at the borders between cells. Mutations in crumbs(More)
The correct assembly of junction components, such as E-cadherin and beta-catenin, into the zonula adherens is fundamental for the function of epithelia, both in flies and in vertebrates. In C. elegans, however, the cadherin-catenin system is not essential for general adhesion, raising the question as to the genetic basis controlling junction morphogenesis(More)
The Caenorhabditis elegans intestine is a simple and accessible model system to analyze the mechanism of junction assembly. In comparison to Drosophila and vertebrates, the C. elegans apical junction is remarkable because a single electron-dense structure is implicated in complex processes such as epithelial tightness, vectorial transport and cell adhesion.(More)
The Escherichia coli galactose operon contains an unusual array of closely spaced binding sites for proteins governing the expression from the two physically overlapping gal promoters. Based on studies of two gal promoter-up mutants we have previously suggested RNA-polymerase-induced DNA bending of gal promoter DNA. Here we present new evidence confirming(More)
Escherichia coli lactose permease mediates the proton-driven translocation of galactosides across the cytoplasmic membrane. To define regions important for membrane insertion as well as for biological function, we constructed plasmids encoding different portions of the lactose carrier. Among several lacY deletions, two were obtained that encoded mutant(More)