Carey K. Johnson

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A calmodulin (CaM) mutant (T34,110C-CaM) doubly labeled with fluorescence probes AlexaFluor 488 and Texas Red in opposing domains (CaM-DA) has been used to examine conformational heterogeneity in CaM by single-pair fluorescence resonance energy transfer (spFRET). Burst-integrated FRET efficiencies of freely diffusing CaM-DA single molecules yielded(More)
Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) is a robust method for the detection of intramolecular dynamics in proteins but is also susceptible to interference from other dynamic processes such as triplet kinetics and photobleaching. We describe an approach for the detection of intramolecular dynamics in proteins labeled with a FRET dye pair based on global(More)
Single-molecule fluorescence measurements can provide a new perspective on the conformations, dynamics, and interactions of proteins. Recent examples are described illustrating the application of single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy to calcium signaling proteins with an emphasis on the new information available in single-molecule fluorescence burst(More)
A rapid, homogeneous aptamer-based bioanalysis is reported for the sensitive detection of immunoglobulin E (IgE) using fluorescence polarization (FP). 5'-End-labeled D17.4 DNA aptamer was used for IgE detection based on the anisotropy differences of the labeled ligand. Two different fluorophores, fluorescein and Texas Red, were used to analyze IgE in the(More)
It has long been recognized that the fluorescence lifetimes of amino acid residues such as tyrosine and tryptophan depend on the rotameric configuration of the aromatic side chain, but estimates of the rate of interchange of rotameric states have varied widely. We report measurements of the rotameric populations and interchange rates for tyrosine in(More)
We used single-pair fluorescence resonance energy transfer (spFRET) to track distance changes between domains of fluorescently labeled calmodulin (CaM) on the sub-millisecond time scale. In most cases, CaM remained in the same conformational substate over time periods of up to 1 ms, showing that conformational interchange occurs on a longer time scale.(More)
Domain motions of S-adenosyl-l-homocysteine (AdoHcy) hydrolase have been detected by time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy measurements. Time constants for reorientational motions in the native enzyme were compared with those for enzymes where key residues were altered by site-directed mutation. Mutations M351P, H353A, and P354A were selected in a hinge(More)
The plasma membrane calcium-ATPase (PMCA) helps to control cytosolic calcium levels by pumping out excess Ca2+. PMCA is regulated by the Ca2+ signaling protein calmodulin (CaM), which stimulates PMCA activity by binding to an autoinhibitory domain of PMCA. We used single-molecule polarization methods to investigate the mechanism of regulation of the PMCA by(More)
Single-molecule fluorescence methods provide new tools for the study of biological systems. Single-pair fluorescence resonance energy transfer has provided detailed information about dynamics and structure of the Ca2+-signaling protein calmodulin. Single-molecule polarization modulation spectroscopy has probed the mechanism by which calmodulin activates the(More)
We report the picosecond and nanosecond timescale rotational dynamics of a dye-labeled DNA oligonucleotide or "aptamer" designed to bind specifically to immunoglobulin E. Rotational dynamics in combination with fluorescence lifetime measurements provide information about dye-DNA interactions. Comparison of Texas Red (TR), fluorescein, and(More)