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Neurabin I, a neuronal actin-binding protein, binds protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) and p70 ribosomal S6 protein kinase (p70S6K), both proteins implicated in cytoskeletal dynamics. We expressed wild-type and mutant neurabins fused to green fluorescent protein in Cos7, HEK293, and hippocampal neurons. Biochemical and cellular studies showed that an N-terminal(More)
Reversible protein phosphorylation is an important mode of regulation of cellular processes. While earlier studies focused on protein kinases, it is now apparent that protein phosphatases play an equally integral role in the control of cellular phosphoproteins. This review examines the role played by endogenous inhibitors of three major protein(More)
Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) can cause a cell-cycle arrest in G1. Inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (cdk4) synthesis plays a significant role in the mechanism by which this cytokine causes G1 growth arrest. Deregulated expression of cdk4 confers resistance to TGF-beta 1. Here, we show that TGF-beta 1 down-regulates cdk4 expression by(More)
Septins constitute a family of guanine nucleotide-binding proteins that were first discovered in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae but are also present in many other eukaryotes. In yeast they congregate at the bud neck and are required for cell division. Their function in metazoan cells is uncertain, but they have been implicated in exocytosis and(More)
Far Westerns with digoxigenin-conjugated protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) catalytic subunit identified PP1-binding proteins in extracts from bovine, rat, and human brain. A major 70-kDa PP1-binding protein was purified from bovine brain cortex plasma membranes, using affinity chromatography on the immobilized phosphatase inhibitor, microcystin-LR. Mixed peptide(More)
The skeletal muscle glycogen-binding subunit (GM) of protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) is the founding member of a family of proteins that tether the PP1 catalytic subunit (PP1C) to glycogen and promote the dephosphorylation of glycogen synthase. A hydrophobic sequence (called here the VFV motif) is conserved among GM, the liver subunit GL, and the widely(More)
Cellular functions of protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) are determined by regulatory subunits that contain the consensus PP1-binding motif, RVXF. This motif was first identified as the site of phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) in a skeletal muscle glycogen-targeting subunit (G(M)). We reported previously that a recombinant fusion protein of(More)
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