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Rosmarinic acid (RA), a caffeic acid ester, has insulin-sensitizing and antioxidant effects in high fructose-fed model of insulin resistance (IR). This study investigated whether RA supplementation prevents cardiac abnormalities and hypertension in fructose-fed rats (FFR). Rats fed with fructose diet (60 g/100 g) for 60 days exhibited metabolic(More)
The effect of fenugreek seeds (Trigonella foenum graecum) on blood lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in alloxan diabetic rats was studied. Increased lipid peroxidation and alterations in circulating antioxidants were observed in the diabetic state. The levels of glutathione, ascorbic acid and beta-carotene in blood were significantly lowered and(More)
INTRODUCTION The present study was designed to investigate whether cinnamon bark extract (CBEt) mitigates the adverse effects of fructose loading on glucose metabolism and lipid profile in rats. METHODS Adult male albino rats of body weight 150-170 g were divided into five groups and fed with either control or high fructose diet (HFD). CBEt was(More)
Strenuous physical activity is known to increase the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), associated with depletion of antioxidant defence. In the present work we evaluated the level of lipid peroxidation and antioxidant components in blood of sportsmen under resting conditions and compared the data obtained with those in age- and sex-matched(More)
The study evaluates the effect of genistein, a soy isoflavone, on insulin sensitivity and renal functional and structural injury in rats rendered insulin-resistant by feeding on a high-fructose diet for 60 days. Fructose-fed animals (60 g /100 g) displayed insulin resistance as indicated by the measures of insulin sensitivity [insulin sensitivity index(More)
INTRODUCTION The present study was designed to investigate the effect of Essentiale L, a mixture of polyenylphospholipids from soybeans, on oxidative stress in various brain regions, on erythrocytes (RBC) and on RBC membrane composition in ethanol-administered rats. METHODS Adult male albino rats of body weight 150-170 g were divided into four groups and(More)
Previous studies show that naringenin promotes insulin sensitivity in fructose-fed rats. This study investigates whether naringenin prevents oxidative events and apoptotic changes triggered in the rat liver by a high fructose diet. Male Wistar rats of body weight 150-180 g were fed either diet containing starch (60% carbohydrate) or fructose (60% fructose(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The development of insulin resistance has been shown to be an early step in the development of cardiovascular diseases in diabetic patients. Oxidative stress may be important in the development of coronary artery disease. Fructose loaded rats, which show the characteristic features of insulin resistance, also display an imbalance between(More)
The present study investigated the preventive effect of eugenol, a naturally occurring food flavouring agent on thioacetamide (TA)-induced hepatic injury in rats. Adult male Wistar rats of body weight 150-180 g were used for the study. Eugenol (10.7 mg/kg b.w./day) was administered to rats by oral intubation for 15 days. TA was administered (300 mg/kg b.w.,(More)
Taurine, a potent antioxidant has been reported to show an anti-diabetic effect in streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus in which the development of hyperglycemia results from the damage to beta cells of pancreas by reactive oxygen species. In addition, taurine also increases the excretion of nitrite and enhances the formation of kinins and would be(More)