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Hypotheses generated by the precaution adoption process model, a stage model of health behavior, were tested in the context of home radon testing. The specific idea tested was that the barriers impeding progress toward protective action change from stage to stage. An intervention describing a high risk of radon problems in study area homes was designed to(More)
BACKGROUND Because risk perceptions can affect protective behavior and protective behavior can affect risk perceptions, the relations between these 2 constructs are complex and incorrect tests often lead to invalid conclusions. PURPOSE To discuss and carry out appropriate tests of 3 easily confused hypotheses: (a). the behavior motivation hypothesis(More)
BACKGROUND Some believe that vaccinating young women against human papillomavirus (HPV) will increase their risky behavior. In more formal terms, vaccination lowers risk perception, and people compensate for their lower perceived risk by reducing other preventive behaviors. PURPOSE We test several predictions from the risk compensation hypothesis in the(More)
BACKGROUND Because people frequently encounter information about the probability of health risks, there is a need for research to help identify the best formats for presenting these probabilities. METHODS Three waves of participants were recruited from visitors to a cancer-related Internet site. Participants were presented with a hypothetical scenario(More)
This course explores how social scientists empirically investigate and quantify behavior within the social world. By the end of the course, students should be able to do the following:  Understand general principles of scientific investigation, as well as specific challenges facing social scientists.  Identify a range of social science research(More)
Home food inventories of Oaxacan Mexican-American and African-American families of low-socioeconomic status living in an urban area in New Jersey with at least one child under the age of 12 were conducted using Universal Product Code scanning. The African-American and Oaxacan household food supplies were compared with a sample of White households, also with(More)
Executive Summary This report provides an assessment of data available for developing a comprehensive understanding of the characteristics and circumstances of Washington State residents without adequate health insurance coverage and for analyzing innovative approaches to improving access to health coverage. The report is presented to the program staff of(More)
In 2006, after the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) traced Escherichia coli O157:H7 cases to spinach, the FDA went beyond communicating with consumers and enlisted the cooperation of the food industry to prevent further spinach consumption. Understanding the factors that increased or frustrated industry participation provides lessons for(More)
A recent article in the New York Times states that " food scares have become as common as midwestern tornadoes " (Harris and Belluck, 2009). It can certainly seem that way, especially with the recent series of high profile problems with a wide range of foods. Shortly after the government warned people to avoid all fresh spinach in the fall of 2006 (FDA,(More)